Italian Locust

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Italian Locust


(Calliptamus italicus), an insect of the family Acrididae (grasshoppers), a dangerous agricultural pest. The body, which measures 1.5–41 mm, is brown or gray with a brown tinge. The wings are pink at their base. The Italian locust is widely distributed in Southern Europe, North Africa, Southwest Asia, Middle Asia, northwestern Mongolia, and China. It is also found in southern European USSR, the Caucusus, southwestern Siberia, Altai Krai, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia. It dwells primarily in grassy wormwood steppes. In the north it grows predominantly in open places with coarse soils; in the south, in river valleys and oases. The Italian locust damages cotton, sunflowers, legumes, melons, potatoes, cereal grains, and many other crops. There is one generation each year. The eggs winter in clusters in the upper layer of soil. The larvae hatch in the spring, and the adults appear in June and July. In the gregarious stage, Italian locusts form swarms and flocks, resembling those of the migratory locust Schistocerca gregaria. In the solitary phase, Italian locusts do not congregate.


Vasil’ev, K. A. “Ital’ianskaia sarancha (Calliptamus italicus L.) v Tsen-trarnom Kazakhstane.” Trudy nauchnoissledovateVskogo instituía zashchity rastenii, 1962, VOL. 7.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Trials with the naturally occurring fungus, Metarhizium acridum, were conducted against nymphs of the Italian locust, Calliptamus italicus, in Uzbekistan and in Georgia during 2010 and 2011.
The Italian locust, Calliptamus italicus (L.), has a widespread distribution from western Europe through to central Asia and western Siberia.
During 2010 and 2011, nymphs of the Italian locust (Calliptamus italicus) were treated with Green Guard[R] SC Premium, which consists of spores of Metarhizium acridum formulated in specialized oils.
Prior to spraying, local surveys were conducted to locate sites with substantial densities (~20-50/[m.sup.2]) of nymphs of the Italian locust. In the central part of each site, counts were made of the number of locusts/[m.sup.2] at 10 m intervals with a total of 10-20 estimates made at each site.
The Italian locust is found in intermediate vegetation and so a higher dose (e.g., 50 g of spores/ha) than that used for Australian plague locust seems to be required to obtain adequate mortality.
In Uzbekistan, Metarhizium was applied against Italian locusts in the lower basin of the Amu Darya River in the Karakalpakstan region during June 2010 and June 2011.
The question is, since it was an Italian-style salad, was it an Italian locust, or is there a farm in Britain breeding a plague of locusts?
For example, in 1999, infestations of the Italian locust Calliptamus italicus (Linnaeus) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in Northern and Central provinces destroyed 220,000 ha of grain crops with an estimated value of USD 15 million (Khasenov 2001).
It is interesting to note though that according to Uvarov (1977), the Italian locust mycoses caused by E.
Cases of mass losses of Italian locust from a fungal disease in the steppes of Saratov Region in 1955.
Insects and microorganisms parasites of the Italian locust (Calliptamus italicus italicus L.) in North Kazakhstan.
Italian locust (Calliptamus italicus L.) in Central Kazakhstan.

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