Italian Ryegrass


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Italian Ryegrass

 

(Lolium multifloruni), an annual or biennial plant of the family Gramineae. It is distributed in Europe, Asia Minor, Southeast Asia, and North Africa. Italian ryegrass is found in southern European USSR and in western Transcaucasia. It is a high-yield fodder grass, which is easily destroyed by frost. The most commonly cultivated variety is the annual Lolium multiflorum var. westerwoldicum, which is grown in many countries. In the USSR this variety is occasionally raised on the Black Sea Shore of the Caucasus, in the forest-steppe zone of the Ukraine, and in Byelorussia.

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But the commercial LAB was best at day 14, 30 and 60 of ensiling as compared to isolates of Napier and Italian ryegrass lactic acid bacteria.
Assessment of probiotic, antifungal and cholesterol lowering properties of Pediococcus pentosaceus KCC-23 isolated from Italian ryegrass. J.
The urea-based nitrogen fertilizer rate was 93 kg [ha.sup.-1] of N, divided into four applications, with the first application 30 days after the emergence of Italian ryegrass in June and the remaining applications in August, December and March.
Suaveolic acid at concentrations greater than 30 [micro]M inhibited the shoot and root growth of garden cress, Italian ryegrass, and barnyard grass and the shoot growth of lettuce (Figure 3).
Catch crops: undersown red clover, white clover mixture with Italian ryegrass (seed rate ratio 1:1) and post-crop white mustard.
found in tall fescue (358 bp), Italian ryegrass (364 bp), and perennial ryegrass (370 bp).
Italian ryegrass was harvested at the boot stage of maturity in the experiment field of the Shigatse District Grassland Station on 7 July 2014, and was chopped to a theoretical cut length of 2 cm using a paper-cutter.
In addition, summer species predominate in the Pampas biome, becoming necessary the introduction during winter season of species with high yields such as Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) (CONTERATO et al., 2016).
Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), among grasses of temperate climate, is the most widely used in southern region of Brazil, since it allows adequate maintenance of forage in quantity and quality, in a period of low production of natural pasture.
difformis were applied at four concentrations (0.01, 0.03, 0.1 and 0.3 g dry weight [DW] equivalent extract/mL) on the seedling growth of eight test species namely, cress (Lepidum sativum L.), lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), rapeseed (Brassica napus L.), Italian ryegrass, (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli L.), timothy (Phleum pratense L.) and sand fescue (Festuca megalura Nutt.).
At 40 ug mL-1, and this coumarin significantly inhibited the seed germination and seedling growth of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), common knotgrass (Polygonum aviculare), red clover (Trifolium pratense), veronica (Veronica persica), annual bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.), common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album), and plantain (Plantago asiatica) (P less than 0.05).
They are rotation grazing a grass crop sown at a ratio of 75% Italian ryegrass and 25% red clover.

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