Italo Calvino


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Calvino, Italo

(ĭtəlō călvē`nō), 1923–85, Italian novelist. Calvino was one of the most popular novelists of the 20th cent. Although loneliness is an essential condition in his writings, he imbues his stories with passion and celebrates the human capacity for love and imagination. During the 1940s, he was associated with Italian neo-realist writers, such as Elio Vittorini, Cesare Pavese, and Natalia Levi Ginzburg. During the 1950s, however, Calvino turned to fantasy and allegory. His trilogy of historical fantasies—The Cloven Viscount (1952), The Baron in the Trees (1957), and The Nonexistent Knight (1959)—brought him international acclaim. Other important works include Cosmicomics (1965, tr. 1968), Italian Folktales (1956, tr. 1980), and If on a Winter's Night a Traveler (1979, tr. 1981).

Bibliography

See his autobiographical essays in The Road to San Giovanni (tr. 1993), and other autobiographical writings in Hermit in Paris (tr. 2003); M. Wood, ed., Italo Calvino: Letters, 1941–1985 (2013); studies by S. M. Adler (1979) and I. T. Olken (1984).

Calvino, Italo

 

Born Oct. 15, 1923, in Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba. Italian writer; member of the Italian resistance during World War II.

Calvino’s neorealistic works—the novella on partisan life The Path to the Nest of Spiders (1947) and his collection of short stories The Raven Comes Last (1949)—express antifascist, democratic ideas. During the 1950’s, Calvino intensified his social criticism, unmasking the antihumanitarian quality of modern capitalist society in the novellas A Building Speculation (1957; Russian translation, 1965) and The Cloud of Smog (1958) and in the cycle of short story-parables about the poor man Mar-covaldo (1953-56).

Calvino is the creator of an original philosophical and allegorical prose genre, in which he poses acute contemporary ethical problems: the novellas The Cloven Viscount (1952), The Baron in the Trees (1957; Russian translation, 1965), and The Nonexistent Knight (1959) and the satirical, imaginative short stories Cosmi-comics (1965; Russian translation, 1968). Calvino collected and reworked folk tales (the collection Italian Fables, 1956; Russian translation, 1959).

WORKS

Ti con zero. Turin, 1967.
Il castello dei destini incrociati. Parma, 1970.
In Russian translation:
Kot i politseiskii: Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1964.
[“Rasskazy.”] In the collection Ital’ianskaia novella XX veka. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Potapova, Z. M. Neorealizm v italianskoi literature.Moscow, 1961.
Pescio Bottino, G. Calvino. Florence, 1967.

G. D. BOGEMSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
In Italo Calvino and Science, Massimo Bucciantini reconstructs a reflection of the 1970s that sees Agamben, Ginzburg, Del Giudice, and Calvino himself making in-depth reflections on the relationship between experience and experiment, and between science and story.
1) Salvo este libro, toda la obra leida de Italo Calvino ha sido realizada en los bien editados ejemplares de Ediciones Siruela.
Muchos de esos lectores, al toparse con el Dossier, quiza se pregunten, como Italo Calvino ya casi al terminar su propia reflexion sobre el tema, "?
Michelle Wang's discussion of Italo Calvino and At Swim-Two-Birds's narrative weightlessness.
Mona's story, said without any embellishment, without any recourse to Italo Calvino, is where the volume departs from the photographer's recurring effort to prettify her subjects.
Italo Calvino, Il cavaliere inesistente in Romanzi e racconti, vol.
Corroborando a posicao de Paz acerca da imbricacao entre o processo tradutorio e o literario procuraremos, ao longo desse texto, identificar as posicoes de Jorge Luis Borges e Italo Calvino sobre a tematica da traducao poetica, assim como tecer consideracoes sobre possiveis desdobramentos e contribuicoes dessas reflexoes para as teorias da traducao, e para a critica literaria de maneira geral.
Oxala a nossa revista possa sempre ajudar a responder, no mbito da historia, a pergunta de Italo Calvino feita para a literatura: "Por que ler os classicos?
On other subjects, Vidal says he has no interest in the gay marriage debate, suggests there was "no sex" in his 50-year relationship with one man, and calls Italo Calvino the greatest writer in his lifetime while dissing Norman Mailer and Philip Roth.
Tras haber destacado como joven escritor neorrealista con la novela breve El sendero de los nidos de arana (1947) o con algunos de los cuentos incluidos en el volumen Ultimo, el cuervo (1949), Italo Calvino conjugo la alegoria, la fabula y el genero fantastico para componer, durante el ano 1951 y a modo de pasatiempo privado, El vizconde demediado.
She counts "If on a winter's night a traveler," by Italo Calvino, as her favorite.
Il quarto ed ultimo capitolo Antonello lo dedica alla questione scienza/letteratura in Italo Calvino.