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Iteroparity has been also documented in Vampyroteuthis infernalis, the evidence of which was based on adult specimens where postovulatory follicles were present, indicating previous spawning (Hoving et al.
Finally, considering delayed iteroparity through the example of [[mu].sub.1] = 1, p = 0.4, and [[mu].sub.2] = 0.5, we find from (9b) that F = 45 at threshold and the corresponding fixed point becomes ([x.sup.*.sub.1], [x.sup.*.sub.2]) = (5.63, 4.51).
Iteroparity in the variable environment of the salamander Ambystoma tigrinum, Ecology, 88:891-903.
fuscus iteroparity were taken from literature (Myrberg et al., 1967; Souza et al., 2007).
For example, a tendency to a lower parental investment, especially early in pregnancy, and/or a higher degree of iteroparity (Low, 1978; Morton et al., 1982) would be expected for M.
This is the first demonstration of iteroparity for the family Hemiramphidae.
As a generalization, long-lived organisms are expected to exhibit a suite of characteristics including delayed sexual maturity, high adult survivorship, iteroparity, and increased reproductive effort with age; traits thought to be favored by selection in response to high and variable juvenile mortality (reviewed in Stearns 1992, Charlesworth 1994).
Selection for iteroparity in a variable environment.
187-190) suggest that in the individuals with higher (total) fecundity a shift toward a reduction in reproductive life span (i.e., semelparity) will be favored, whereas low fecundity increases importance of later reproduction and thus a lengthening of reproductive life span (iteroparity).
Reproductive uncertaintly and the evolution of iteroparity: Why don't flatfish put all their eggs in one basket.
Usually, iteroparity means that the population spawns once sexual maturity is reached; therefore, the spawner biomass can be defined as the quantity of organisms greater than a specified size or age of maturity (Rideout et al.
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- Iterated Function System
- Iterated Integral
- Iterated Logarithm, Law of
- iteration process
- iterations per second
- iterative array
- iterative deepening
- iterative development
- iterative division
- iterative filter
- iterative impedance
- iterative method
- iterative operation
- iterative process
- iterative routine
- Ithaca Chasma
- itinera versurarum
- itinerant operation
- Ito, Hirobumi
- Ito, Marquis Hirobumi
- Itô's formula
- Itô's integral
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- Iterative Target Transformation Factor Analysis
- Iterative Two-Step Approach
- Iterative Virtual Power Weighted
- Iterative Virtual-Uplink Power Weighted
- Iterative Viterbi Algorithm
- Iterative Water-Filling
- Iterative Water-Filling Algorithm
- Iterative Waterfilling
- Iterative Wave Function Reconstruction
- Iterative Web Unit Mining
- Iteratively Filtered Pilot Symbol Assisted Modulation
- Iteratively re-weighted least squares
- Iteratively Regularized Gauss-Newton Method
- Iteratively Reweighted Generalized Least Squares
- Iteratively Reweighted Least Squares
- Iteratively Reweighted Multiplicative Least Squares
- Iteratively Reweighted Partial Least Squares
- Iteratively-Filtered Multiple Differential Detection
- ITESM Rectoria Zona Sur