Itzá

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Itzá

(ētsä`), MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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 of YucatánYucatán
, peninsula, c.70,000 sq mi (181,300 sq km), mostly in SE Mexico, separating the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. It comprises the states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo, Mexico; the country of Belize; and part of Petén, Guatemala.
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 (Mexico) and PeténPetén
, region, c.15,000 sq mi (38,850 sq km), N Guatemala. A humid expanse of dense, tropical hardwood forests interrupted by savannas and crisscrossed by ranges of hills, it is related geographically to SE Mexico and Belize rather than to the rest of Guatemala.
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 (Guatemala). Probable founders of Chichén ItzáChichén Itzá
, city of the ancient Maya, central Yucatán, Mexico. It was founded around two large cenotes, or natural wells. According to one system of dating, it was founded c.
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, which they occupied at various times from c.514 to 1194, they moved (1450?) S from Campeche to Lake Petén. Here, in spite of sporadic attempts by the Spanish to convert or subdue them after the visit of Cortés in 1525, the Itzá (the last strong, independent Mayan tribe) remained until driven from their capital, Tayasal, in 1697.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 'traditional view', accepted by earlier generations of Mesoamerica scholars, is that Tula influenced the styles of Chichen Itza through 'Toltec' invasion of the Yucatan (or migration) and establishment of Toltec rule in Chichen Itza.
Afterwards, I went on a 24-hour excursion to Yucatan in Mexico just to see the ruins of Chichen Itza, once the most important political, economic, and religious center of the Maya people, who were way too advanced of their time in terms of knowledge in astronomy, science, mathematics and engineering.
Next, we arrived at Chichen Itza. Mary and I rolled down the path, up a steep ramp and into the gates of the national park.
Chichen Itza which means in Mayan, "at the mouth of the Itza well" was established before the period of Christopher Colombus and had served as the religious center of Yucatan.
Click mercury-direct.co.uk/tours 4 CHICHEN ITZA, Mexico IF MEXICO'S Chichen Itza is high on your list, the nine-day 'Yucatan Explorer' tour with Virgin Holidays Worldwide Journeys takes in the famous Mayan site along with other archaeological treasures like Tulum, Calakmul and Uxmal.
"Customers taking Alaska Airlines' flight to Cancun will enjoy our award-winning service and low fares." Known for its 14-mile pristine Caribbean beach and all-inclusive resorts, Cancun is a short ferry ride to the turtle farms of Isla Mujeres and a two-hour drive from Chichen Itza, a massive Maya archaeological site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.