Yitzhak Shamir

(redirected from Itzhak Shamir)

Shamir, Yitzhak

(yētz`äk shämēr`), 1915–2012, Zionist activist and Israeli politician, b. Poland. Emigrating (1935) to Palestine, he was twice arrested by the British for participating in a militant Jewish organization; in 1946 he fled to France. Returning (1948) to IsraelIsrael
, officially State of Israel, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,277,000, including Israelis in occupied Arab territories), 7,992 sq mi (20,700 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea.
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, he served (1955–65) in Israel's secret service, the Mossad. He helped to found (1973) the conservative Likud party, becoming its leader and prime minister upon the retirement of Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 in 1983. In office, he promoted continued Jewish settlement of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In 1984 and 1988, Likud and Labor formed a government of national unity in which Shamir served as foreign minister (1984–86) and prime minister (1986–90). From 1990 to 1992 Shamir was prime minister of a Likud-led right-wing government.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1994); H. Misgav, Conversations with Yitzhak Shamir (1997, tr. 2000).

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Besides he had already committed himself to the Conference of Madrid and had opposed Itzhak Shamir on Israeli colonies issue.
I once asked an Israeli Prime Minister, Itzhak Shamir - the Stern Gang member who killed British soldiers after the war - how he could justify this.
Itzhak Shamir, the former Prime Minister of Israel, who had been born in Poland and emigrated to Palestine as a young man, once said: "Poles have imbibed hatred of Jews with their mothers' milk.
La decision de Amman dejo un vacio de representacion que la OLP lleno con su anuncio del 15 de noviembre, bloqueando las iniciativas del primer ministro israeli Itzhak Shamir de suplir la representatividad palestina con unas elecciones controladas para eliminar a la OLP.
On 17 September 1948, he was assassinated, allegedly by Itzhak Shamir, of the Stern Gang, who later became prime minister of Israel.