Iudin, Sergei Sergeevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Iudin, Sergei Sergeevich

 

Born Sept. 27 (Oct. 9), 1891, in Moscow; died there June 12, 1954. Soviet surgeon. Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944).

Iudin graduated from the medical faculty of Moscow University in 1915. In 1928 he became chief surgeon of the N. V. Sklifosovskii Moscow Emergency Medical Care Institute. During World War II he served as senior inspector-consultant under the chief surgeon of the Soviet Army.

Iudin’s main works dealt with abdominal, emergency, and military field surgery, as well as with anesthesiology and neurohumoral regulation of gastric secretion. He developed a technique for resecting the stomach in peptic ulcer, perforating gastric ulcer, and gastric bleeding. Iudin also devised an operation for creating an artificial esophagus. He was the first to make clinical use of blood transfusions from individuals who have just died (1930).

Iudin was awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1942, 1948) and the Lenin Prize (1962, posthumously). He also received the Order of Lenin, three other orders, and various medals. He was an honorary member of the Royal Society of Surgeons of Great Britain and of the American, Paris, Prague, and Catalan societies of surgeons. He received an honorary doctorate from the Sorbonne.

WORKS

Etiudy zheludochnoi khirurgii. Moscow, 1955.
Izbr. proizvedeniia. Moscow, 1960.
Razmyshleniia khirurga. Moscow, 1968.

REFERENCE

Simonian, K. S. Put’ khirurga. Moscow, 1963.

K. S. SIMONIAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.