Iurii Andropov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Andropov, Iurii Vladimirovich


Born June 2 (15), 1914, at Nagutskaia station in Stavropol’ Krai.

A Soviet government and Party figure, Andropov has been a member of the CPSU since 1939. He was born into the family of an office worker. He began his career as a worker in 1930. In 1936 he graduated from the technical school for water transport and worked as a Komsomol organizer for the Central Committee of the All-Union Lenin Komsomol at the Volodarskii shipyards in Rybinsk. In 1937 he was elected secretary of the Yaroslavl’ oblast committee of the All-Union Komsomol, and in 1938 he became the first secretary of that committee. In 1940 he was elected first secretary of the Central Committee of the Lenin Komsomol of Karelia. In 1944 he transferred to Party work and served at first as second secretary of the Petrozavodsk city committee and, beginning in 1947, as second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Karelia. In 1951, Andropov was transferred to work in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In 1953–57 he was engaged in diplomatic work as ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the Hungarian People’s Republic. Beginning in 1957, he was in charge of a section of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Since 1961 he has been a member of the Central Committee. From November 1962 to July 1967 he was a secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, and since 1967 he has been a candidate member of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee. Since May 1967 he has been chairman of the Committee for State Security (KGB) under the USSR Council of Ministers. He was a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in the third, sixth, and seventh convocations. He has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, four other orders, and also medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(46) Iurii Andropov, "Odal'neishemsovershenstvovaniirazvedyvatel'noiikontrrazvedyvatel'noi deiatel'nosti organov gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti v sovremennykh usloviiakh," in Deiatel 'nost' organov gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti SSSR na sovremennom etape: Sbornik dokumentov i materiaiov, ed.
KGB rhetoric typically justified the tactic by focusing on how it reshaped the behavior of individuals; for example, Iurii Andropov wrote (using the KGB's euphemistic rhetoric) that each prophylactic chat helped its target "recognize his misconceptions and find his place in life." (4) Dissident sources usually mirrored the KGB's emphasis on individual citizens, but with a more sinister emphasis, portraying profilaktika as a form of intimidation intended to prevent further anti-Soviet activities by its victims.
KGB chief Iurii Andropov noted in 1975 that the tactic had been used 122,406 times between 1966 and 1974.
They were soon among the primary targets of the anti-corruption campaigns initiated as Iurii Andropov rose to power in the early 1980s.
Gaidar makes a whole series of amateur revelations, quoting copiously, for example, from a 1976 memorandum by KGB Chairman Iurii Andropov (it was actually signed by Filipp Bobkov, head of the 5th Directorate of the KGB) about the discovery of some 43 student opposition groups "that have come under the influence of revisionist and reformist ideology." In reality, this document, well-known to specialists, is about groups that appeared in 1974-76--that is, 15 groups per year in a population of 250 million--and that consisted largely of "bourgeois nationalists" (in the Baltic republics), "Zionists," and hippies who had made their appearance in the USSR.
Despite the gradually deteriorating supply situation, the election as party leaders of people like Iurii Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko, who were little known and annoyed society by their very age, was not accompanied by any protest.
For Iurii Andropov, it meant stronger production discipline and scientific and technical progress.
Hitherto, researchers have agreed and available documents have proved that a "troika" consisting of Defense Minister Dmitrii Ustinov, KGB Head Iurii Andropov, and Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko made this decision, while Brezhnev was too ill to participate.