Ivan


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Related to Ivan: Ivan Pavlov, Ivan Lendl, Iban

Ivan

A Diana-like language making up part of VHDL.

["VHDL - The Designer Environment", A. Gilman, IEEE Design & Test 3, (Apr 1986)].

Ivan

 

the name of several tsars and rulers of Bulgaria.

Ivan Asen’ II Bulgarian tsar (ruled 1218–41), son of Tsar Asen’ I.

After the death of Kaloian, Ivan Asen’ II fled to Galician and Volynian Rus’. In 1218 he overthrew Tsar Boril with the help of Russian troops. Under his rule the economic and political position of Bulgaria improved significantly. The minting of money was begun, and a commercial treaty was concluded with Dubrovnik (1230). An alliance was also made with the Hungarians. For a time he was able to establish hegemony over the Balkans. Breaking the ecclesiastical union with the papacy, he reestablished the Bulgarian partriarchate (1235) with the support of the Nicaean emperor John Vatatzes. He also laid siege to Constantinople in that year but was unsuccessful.

Ivan Alexander Bulgarian tsar (ruled 1331–71) of the Shishman dynasty.

Despot of the Lovcha region, Ivan Alexander seized power with the support of the great feudal lords. During his reign there was an increase in foreign trade (treaty concluded with Venice in 1352), and the country’s culture flourished. Ivan Alexander established peaceful relations with Walachia and Serbia. Taking advantage of Byzantium’s difficulties, he defeated its armies at Rosokastro (July 18, 1332) and seized a number of territories, including Philippopolis. In 1363 he concluded an anti-Byzantine alliance with the Turks. This period also witnessed the division of Bulgaria into the kingdoms of Vidin and Túrnovo.

Ivan Sratsimir (also I. Stratsimir). Year of birth unknown; died after 1396. Ruler of the Vidin Kingdom (1363–65, 137096). Son of Ivan Alexander.

Breaking with the kingdom of Turnovo and the Bulgarian patriarch, Ivan Sratsimir subordinated the Vidin church to the patriarch of Constantinople. After 1388 he was a vassal of the Turkish sultan.

Ivan Shishman Year of birth unknown; died June 3, 1395, in Nicopolis. Ruler, until 1393, of the kingdom of Túrnovo.

Ivan Shishman was a vassal of the Turkish sultan. His attempt to free himself from Turkish dependence after the victory of the Serbs over the Turks at Plotnik (1386) ended in failure.

REFERENCE

Irechek, K. “Bulgarskii tsar Sratsimir Vidinski.” Periodichesko spisanie na Bulgarskoto knizhovno druzhestvo, 1882, vol. 1.

S. A. NIKITIN

References in classic literature ?
And when the great Ivan fell across his legs, hurled there lifeless and crushed by a down- rushing rock, he remembered the blind eyes of Old Kinoos and was glad.
The absurdity of Brown's remark moved Ivan to open taunts.
According to the prosecutor, information gathered by the police indicated that on June 18, 2015, suspect Ivan Kofi Danso invited the convicts and suspect Faisal, also at large, to his house at Kwabenya and told them that he had seen a Toyota Camry car in town and wanted them to steal it.
'Most of my plans are work-related, but my friends and I are planning to match our schedules,' Ivan disclosed.
With a phonetically playful title like I've an Uncle Ivan, this wonderfully quirky picture book is appealing from the cover.
Zenkovsky), or speculated that Tolstoy may have wished to die reconciled with the Orthodox Church (Ivan Bunin).
In the closely-contested final, world number 37 and top seed of the tournament Youssef Soliman underlined his intention to challenge world number 65 and second seed Ivan Yuen for the title with a clinical display that saw him nullify the Malaysian's power and pace to prevail an 8/11, 11/6, 11/8, 9/11, 11/8 winner.
It would not be until 1185, nearly 190 years after the defeat of the last ruler of the First Bulgarian Empire, that a second empire was established after the successful revolt which saw the ascent of the Asen dynasty and its first ruler Ivan Asen I in 1187.
As relative innocents in a depraved world, Ivan and Ivana provide an unlikely and contrastive viewpoint on the increasingly sordid events they witness or endure.
She recommended that I try her family tomato, the 'Ivan.' It had been grown right here in Missouri by her family for generations, and she swore by it.