Ivan III


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Related to Ivan III: Ivan IV, Michael Romanov

Ivan III

or

Ivan the Great,

1440–1505, grand duke of Moscow (1462–1505), creator of the consolidated Muscovite (Russian) state. He subjugated (1478) Great NovgorodNovgorod
, city (1989 pop. 229,000), capital of Novgorod region, NW European Russia, on the Volkhov River near the point where it leaves Lake Ilmen. Novgorod's industries produce chemicals, fertilizer, and wood and food products. It has a major tourism industry.
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, asserted his sway over Vyatka, Tver, Yaroslavl, Rostov-Suzdal, and other territories, and checked the eastward expansion of Lithuania, from which he gained some former Russian lands. In 1480 he freed Muscovy from allegiance to the Tatars of the Golden HordeGolden Horde, Empire of the,
Mongol state comprising most of Russia, given as an appanage to Jenghiz Khan's oldest son, Juchi, and actually conquered and founded in the mid-13th cent. by Juchi's son, Batu Khan, after the Mongol or Tatar (see Tatars) conquest of Russia.
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. To prevent insurrection in annexed territories, Ivan transplanted their ruling classes to Old Muscovy and replaced them with loyal Muscovites. Prudence and wisdom were said to be his dominant traits. He established autocratic government and took as his second wife Sophia, niece of the last Byzantine emperor. The two-headed eagle of Byzantium was added to the arms of Muscovy, Sophia introduced customs of the Byzantine court, and the idea of Moscow as a "third Rome" (successor to the might of Rome and the Byzantine Empire) became popular in official circles. Laws were codified, foreign artisans were introduced, and Italian architects erected churches, palaces, and fortifications. Ivan was succeeded by his son, Vasily III.

Bibliography

See study by R. M. Crowskey (1987).

Ivan III

known as Ivan the Great. 1440--1505, grand duke of Muscovy (1462--1505). He expanded Muscovy, defeated the Tatars (1480), and assumed the title of Ruler of all Russia (1472)
References in periodicals archive ?
As Ivan III receives Novgorodian emissaries and makes peace, the pace of imagery slows with pictures grounded by the figure of the grand prince (15:147-50, 268-82).
Royal women in funerary scenes without crowns are in LLS 15:52 (Mariia, Ivan III's first wife); and 18:18, right side (Sofiia Paleologue).
MOTHER Gigi Lee, mum to Ivan III MARRIED Michelle Rocca and Van Morrison
as a successful example of conversion to Judaism of a small but significant part of the clergy and laymen of Novgorod and several individuals in Moscow from among Ivan III's court people" (106).
In writing about Ivan III's military campaigns, he uses military developments to trace the process of political consolidation in Moscow.
More recently on the matter of the "Tatar yoke," see Keenan, "Ivan III, Nikolai Karamzin, and the Legend of the 'Casting Off of the Tatar Yoke,'" in The New Muscovite Cultural History: A Collection in Honor of Daniel B.
According to Filiushkin (65ff), the title gosudar' (which he does not identify with dominus), was introduced into Russian titulature by Ivan III, though it was already in use in slightly differing forms in the kingdom of Poland-Lithuania: for instance, by Vitovt.
The Novgorodian Fourth Chronicle adds another element to Feofil's actions, telling us that he ordered that the cavalry be withheld from the Battle of Shelon' River that the Novgorodians fought against Muscovite Grand Prince Ivan III and his allies in 1471.
The Dormition Cathedral, which houses the Tsar's Pew, became the place of royal coronation in 1498, when Dmitrii, the grandson of Ivan III, was crowned there as grand prince.
The Kremlin was first inhabited by Russia's rulers when Grand Prince Ivan III moved there after he had assumed the title 'Grand Prince of All the Russia' in 1475.