Ivan Kirilov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kirilov, Ivan Kirillovich


Born 1689; died 1737. Russian geographer and cartographer.

Kirilov graduated from the Moscow Navigation School in 1707 or 1708. In 1712 he began working in the Senate. Beginning in the early 1720’s he directed the work on topographical surveying of Russia. He was the author of the first systematic economic and geographic description of Russia, The Flourishing Condition of the All-Russian State (1727). In 1734 he published the first printing of the atlas of Russia he had conceived (Atlas of the All-Russian Empire). In 1734–37 he led an expedition whose aim was the construction of Orenburg and a system of fortifications on the Bashkir border.


Iofa, L. E. Sovremenniki Lomonosova I. K. Kirilov i V. N. Tatishchev. Geografy pervoi poloviny XVIII ν. Moscow, 1949.
Salishchev, K. A. Osnovy kartovedeniia. Chast’ istoricheskaia i kartograficheskie materialy. Moscow, 1948.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Military Imperialism: Ivan Kirilov and Vasilii Tatishchev
Charged by Tsar Peter to map and study the various sections of the empire in the early eighteenth century, Ivan Kirilov used this project to call for the construction of a Russian fort at Orenburg, on the junction of the Or and Ural rivers.