Ivan Petrov

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Petrov, Ivan Efimovich


Born Sept. 18 (30), 1896, in Trubchevsk, now in Briansk Oblast; died Apr. 7, 1958, in Moscow, Soviet military commander, general of the army (1944). Hero of the Soviet Union (May 29, 1945). Member of the CPSU from 1918.

Petrov joined the Red Army in 1918 and fought in the Civil War of 1918-20. He graduated from advanced training courses for the command staff in 1926 and 1931. Petrov fought against the Basmachi in 1929 and 1931-32 as commander of a cavalry regiment and a rifle division. In 1933 he was appointed chief of the Combined Middle Asian Military School (subsequently the Tashkent Military Infantry School). He commanded a rifle division in 1940 and a mechanized corps from March 1941.

In the Great Patriotic War (1941-45), Petrov commanded a rifle division on the Southern Front (July-October 1941), the Maritime Army (October 1941-July 1942 and November 1943— February 1944), the Forty-fourth Army (August-October 1942), the Black Sea Group of Forces of the Transcaucasian Front (October 1942-March 1943), the Northern Caucasus Front (May-November 1943), the Thirty-third Army of the Western Front (March-April 1944), the Second Byelorussian Front (April-June 1944), and the Fourth Ukrainian Front (August 1944-March 1945). He was chief of staff of the First Ukrainian Front from April to June 1945. Petrov was one of the leaders of the defense of Odessa and Sevastopol’ and fought in the battle for the Caucasus, in the liberation of Byelorussia and Czechoslovakia, and in the Berlin and Prague operations.

After the war, Petrov was appointed commander of the troops of the Turkestan Military District in July 1945 and first deputy chief inspector of the Soviet Army in July 1952. He became chief of the Main Directorate for Combat and Physical Training in April 1953, first deputy commander in chief of the ground forces in March 1955, chief inspector of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR in January 1956, and chief scientific consultant for the deputy minister of defense of the USSR in June 1957. He was a deputy to the second, third, and fourth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Petrov was awarded five Orders of Lenin, four Orders of the Red Banner, the Order of Suvorov First Class, the Order of Kutuzov First Class, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, the Order of the Red Star, the Order of the Red Banner of the Turkmen SSR, the Order of the Red Banner of the Uzbek SSR, various medals, and several foreign orders.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The delegation included Huxiang Zhao, ex-president FIATA, Robert A Voltman, Francesco S Parisi, Ivan Petrov, Basil Pietersen, Turgut Erkeskin and Hans Gunther.
Cal Moreland of Michelin North America, will include the following presentations: "The thermo-oxidation of poly(isobutylene) and its copolymers with isoprene in terms of activation energies and reaction mechanisms," Richard Pazur and Ivan Petrov, Department of National Defense, Canada; "Characterization of aging kinetics and DLO-effect in rubbers," Ulrich Giese, Deutsches Institut fur Kautschuktechnologie e.V., Germany; "Infinite fatigue life: Challenges and solutions in measuring rubber's endurance limit," William Mars, Endurica; "Hard problems with soft materials: The tribology of elastomers," Kyle Row, Alexander Bennett and W.
(15.) Ivan Petrov and Ivan Stolnikov, "Among the Military in Crimea They Managed to See a Chechen Battalion and Airborne Troops from Ulyanovsk," Moscow RBK Daily Online, 6 March 2014, at http://top.rbc.ru/politics/06/03/2014/909718.shtml, accessed 17 March 2014.
The trade union of the prison guards in Bulgaria is ready to announce a general strike of its members, its leader Ivan Petrov told the bTV national channel.A aWe are seeking solutions to the problems of those working in the prisons and are preparing a petition for changing the work shifts from 24-hour to 12-hour,a Petrov said.A According to him, a date for an effective strike is not yet set, but the trade union expects that the Justice Ministry will take the necessary measures to avert the strike.A aWe want to solve the problems in a discussion, but so far no one is paying us any attention,a Petrov said.
Ivan Petrov is the first Bulgarian to ever claim the European championship in motocross in the 65 cubic centimetres class.
Meanwhile, Aberdeen have taken 16-year-old CSKA Sofia midfielder Ivan Petrov on trial.
Ivan Petrov, executive director of Vinimpex, an independent trading company which controls half of Bulgaria's wine export to Western Europe, says his country's wine industry was headed for trouble even before the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.
Earlier on Sunday, Ivan Petrov, Pavel Dimitrov, Nedyalko Nedyalkov, Konstantin Hadzhigaev, and Emil Dimitrov from GERB issued a media statement saying that they were taking steps to terminate their party membership and to establish a new political project.
Billboards for the campaign were paid for by the small-scale party Nova Zora, but an investigation by Re:TV channel found that the website was first registered on April 23 under Melikov's name, only to be changed later to Ivan Petrov, one of the most common combinations of names in Bulgaria.
A total of 13 Supreme Judicial Council members voted for Dinev, while only one endorsed his opponent, Ivan Petrov. Ten of the ballots were invalid.
Clashes with police occurred near the City Hall after an argument between one of the informal leaders of the protests, Ivan Petrov, and young man, Martin Demirev, who was arrested at another rally a month ago for spraying Petrov with some substance.
The article further claimed that for many years his cover-up has been Ivan Petrov, former Chief of the police in the southern city of Haskovo and current Member of the Parliament from the ruling Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria party, GERB.