Zarudnyi, Ivan Petrovich
Date of birth unknown; died 1727. Architect and artist.
Zarudnyi, a native of the Ukraine, entered the tsar’s ser-vice in Moscow in 1701. He designed the Church of the Archangel Gabriel, often referred to as the Menshikov Tower, in Moscow from 1704 to 1707. He combined Baroque elements and decorative details with the traditional design of Russian many-tiered churches of the late 17th century. The Church of Ivan Voin (1709-13) on Dimitrov Street in Moscow, which exemplifies this combination, has been attributed to Zarudnyi. Baroque features are particularly evident in the complex, many-tiered iconostases of the Preobrazhenskii Cathedral (1719) in Tallinn and the Cathedral of the Peter and Paul Fortress (1722-27) in Leningrad, which were executed according to Zarudnyi’s design.