senchenko, Ivan Efimovich
Born Jan. 30 (Feb. 12), 1901, in the village of Natal’ino, in what is now Krasnograd Raion, Kharkov Oblast; died Nov. 9, 1975, in Kiev. Soviet Ukrainian writer.
Senchenko graduated from the Kharkov Institute of Public Education in 1928. He subsequently taught and worked in a factory; later he became a journalist. First published in 1921, he is the author of the novels Metalworkers (1932). On the Eve (1938), and His Generation (1947) and several books of essays, short stories, and children’s novellas. He did his best writing in the genre of the lyrical, psychological short story about contemporary peasant life; examples in this genre include the collections The Rows of Oaks (1929), The Commune (1932). Novellas (1940), and Journey to Krasnograd (1973). He was equally successful with his short stories about the lives of workers, such as those in the collections Rubin on Solomianka (1957) and On the Batyi Mountain (1960). He translated into Ukrainian works by A. N. Radishchev, A. S. Pushkin, N. V. Gogol, M. Gorky, and others. Senchenko was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor.
WORKSVybrani tvory, vols. 1–2. [Introductory article by M. Ostryk.] Kiev, 1971.
Tsvit korolevyi. [Introductory article by P. Kolesnyk.] Kiev, 1967.
In Russian translation:
Rubin na Solomianke: Povest’i rasskazy. Moscow, 1962.
Vishnevyi listok: Rasskazy. [Foreword by I. Pitliar.] Moscow, 1967.
REFERENCEUkrains’kipys’mennyky: Biobibliografichnyi slovnyk, vol. 5. Kiev, 1965.
A. A. KOVTUNENKO