Ivan

(redirected from Ivana)

Ivan

A Diana-like language making up part of VHDL.

["VHDL - The Designer Environment", A. Gilman, IEEE Design & Test 3, (Apr 1986)].

Ivan

 

the name of several tsars and rulers of Bulgaria.

Ivan Asen’ II Bulgarian tsar (ruled 1218–41), son of Tsar Asen’ I.

After the death of Kaloian, Ivan Asen’ II fled to Galician and Volynian Rus’. In 1218 he overthrew Tsar Boril with the help of Russian troops. Under his rule the economic and political position of Bulgaria improved significantly. The minting of money was begun, and a commercial treaty was concluded with Dubrovnik (1230). An alliance was also made with the Hungarians. For a time he was able to establish hegemony over the Balkans. Breaking the ecclesiastical union with the papacy, he reestablished the Bulgarian partriarchate (1235) with the support of the Nicaean emperor John Vatatzes. He also laid siege to Constantinople in that year but was unsuccessful.

Ivan Alexander Bulgarian tsar (ruled 1331–71) of the Shishman dynasty.

Despot of the Lovcha region, Ivan Alexander seized power with the support of the great feudal lords. During his reign there was an increase in foreign trade (treaty concluded with Venice in 1352), and the country’s culture flourished. Ivan Alexander established peaceful relations with Walachia and Serbia. Taking advantage of Byzantium’s difficulties, he defeated its armies at Rosokastro (July 18, 1332) and seized a number of territories, including Philippopolis. In 1363 he concluded an anti-Byzantine alliance with the Turks. This period also witnessed the division of Bulgaria into the kingdoms of Vidin and Túrnovo.

Ivan Sratsimir (also I. Stratsimir). Year of birth unknown; died after 1396. Ruler of the Vidin Kingdom (1363–65, 137096). Son of Ivan Alexander.

Breaking with the kingdom of Turnovo and the Bulgarian patriarch, Ivan Sratsimir subordinated the Vidin church to the patriarch of Constantinople. After 1388 he was a vassal of the Turkish sultan.

Ivan Shishman Year of birth unknown; died June 3, 1395, in Nicopolis. Ruler, until 1393, of the kingdom of Túrnovo.

Ivan Shishman was a vassal of the Turkish sultan. His attempt to free himself from Turkish dependence after the victory of the Serbs over the Turks at Plotnik (1386) ended in failure.

REFERENCE

Irechek, K. “Bulgarskii tsar Sratsimir Vidinski.” Periodichesko spisanie na Bulgarskoto knizhovno druzhestvo, 1882, vol. 1.

S. A. NIKITIN

References in periodicals archive ?
By the time the third episode of Season 24 finished airing on Tuesday, the model house had one less tenant as Ivana exited after getting booted by the judges.
Ivana Smit, 18, had been at the flat of an American trader and his wife in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Donald Trump's first wife, Ivana, has said her daughter Ivanka could run for president, and that she and Trump now speak regularly and have a warm relationship despite the "insane" circumstances of their notorious divorce.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 26 (ANI): Bollywood actor Mallika Sherawat recently met US President Donald Trump's first wife Ivana Trump and described the experience as 'lovely'.
Ivana Steinfeldova, R&D Manager at Noliac Ceramics, explains:
Ivana Milchanska, 22, was among 16 finalists contesting The Irish Times' Amateur Photographer of the Year Awards 2015.
Ivana Marenzi is a researcher at the L3S Research Center of the University of Hannover, Germany.
Enter Ivana Belakova, whose clients and fans around the world know her simply as Ivana.
In the end, it was the 17- year- old Ivana Jorovic, whose aggressive approach and retrieval ability earned her a maiden ITF $ 50,000 title at the QNET Open on Saturday.
Ivana Ruddock, who co-founded the organisation alongside the late Jock Ruddock, has travelled from New Zealand to Northumberland to hold an Equine Touch course and speak at the foundation's conference.
M2 EQUITYBITES-March 11, 2013-Dyax Corp announces departure of Ivana Magovcevic-Liebisch as EVP and COO(C)2013 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.