James Ivory

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Ivory, James

(1928–  ) film director; born in Berkeley, Calif. As a student at the University of Southern California he directed a short subject, Four in the Morning (1953), and was then commissioned by the Asia Society to go to India to make a documentary (1960). There, in partnership with a local producer, Ismail Merchant, he made a series of Indian-based films, climaxing with Shakespeare Wallah (1965), which Ivory also coscripted. Basing their company in the U.S.A. from the early 1970s, the Ivory-Merchant team enjoyed its greatest success with relatively pure adaptations of literary works, such as Henry James's The Europeans (1979) and E. M. Forster's A Room With a View (1987).