Izium


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Izium

 

a city in Kharkov Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, on the Sever-skii Donets River. Railroad station on the Kharkov-Krasnyi Liman line. Population, 51,000 (1971). Diesel locomotives are repaired in Izium. It is also the site of a brickworks, a brewery, a furniture factory, and plants for the production of optical instruments and building materials. There is a medical school and a museum of local lore.

Izium was first mentioned in 1571 as Izium Sakma. In 1682 it became known as the Izium Entrenchment. From 1688 to 1765 it was called the Izium Sloboda Regiment. In 1765, Izium became a provincial city. With the establishment of a vicege-rency, it became the principal city of its district.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
By the end of October, it had reached Izium on the Seversky Donets, before being recalled in late November to Hungary.
The constant threat posed by the Crimean Tatars and the construction of the Belgorod and Izium fortification lines (zasechnaia cherta) forced the government to establish the policy of what it called closed towns (zakaznye goroda) in the South (1630s-80s).