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(ĭzmēt`) or


(kō'jäĕl`ē), city (1990 pop. 254,768), capital of Kocaeli prov., NW Turkey, on the Bay of Izmit, at the eastern end of the Sea of Marmara. A port, it is the center of a rich tobacco- and olive-growing region. Manufactures include paper, petrochemicals, textiles, beer, and cement. Founded c.712 B.C., it was rebuilt in 264 B.C. by Nicomedus I of Bithynia, who made it his capital, NicomediaNicomedia
, ancient city, NW Asia Minor, near the Bosporus, in present-day Turkey. Refounded (264 B.C.) by Nicomedes I of Bithynia to replace Astacus as his capital, it flourished for centuries. The Goths sacked the city in A.D. 258.
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. It was shattered by an earthquake in 1999.



(Izmid, Kocaeli), a city and port in northwestern Turkey, on the bank of the Gulf of İzmit in the Sea of Marmara; administrative center of Kocaeli Vilayet. Population, 123,000 (1970). A railroad and highway from Ankara to Istanbul run through the city, İzmit produces cellulose and paper, chemicals, tires, and piping. Food is processed in the city. It has an assembly plant and an oil refinery; there are large oil reserves in the area. Lead and zinc are concentrated nearby. Turkey’s major naval base is situated in Golcuk, a suburb of İzmit.


a town in NW Turkey, on the Gulf of Izmit. Pop.: 306 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Survivors said the authorities had failed to send any professional rescuers to areas outside Istanbul and Izmit. Damage to power, phone and road networks hampered efforts to reach victims across seven provinces.
Hardest hit was the industrial town of Izmit, where an uncontrolled fire threatened to blow up the Tupras refinery, Turkey's largest, prompting an evacuation of the area while black smoke billowed from the plant.
DP World Yarimca marks Izmit Bay's first infrastructure project to be run by a global operator, and the first in the country to use remote controlled gantry cranes with automated gate operations featuring a vehicle appointment system for faster processing.
The focus of the search and rescue operation is Izmit, the north-western industrial city at the epicentre of the quake, which experts have now measured as 7.4 on the Richter scale.
Some of the most populated areas of Turkey are on an earthquake-prone belt and Izmit is directly on the fault line.
According to the Dubai firm, the port was the first in the Izmit Bay area to be operated by an international operator.
In the Thames Water base of Izmit, an industrial city 70 miles east of Istanbul, about 80 people were killed.
Izmit belediyesi etE-t proje mE-dE-rlE-gE- E[micro]meraga mah.
To Build First light rail line in Izmit, a city of around 300,000 inhabitants in northwest Turkey.
According to Yazici, Japanese imports could enter Turkey through Ataturk Airport in Istanbul, Esenboga Airport in Ankara, and seaports at Ambarli, Haydarpasa, Izmir, Gebze, Izmit, Derince, Dilovasi, Gemlik and Mersin.
Contract Awarded for Izmit Cedit Mah.Kiz Anatolian Religious High Schools Works.
Contract Awarded for H On the Izmit Nursery Supervisor 40 Cm Plain Concrete = 200 Cm Inclined Headed Concrete Pole To 1448 Metric Lattice Fence (5,00X5,00) Cm Environment Surrounding Construction Work.