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(ĭzmēt`) or


(kō'jäĕl`ē), city (1990 pop. 254,768), capital of Kocaeli prov., NW Turkey, on the Bay of Izmit, at the eastern end of the Sea of Marmara. A port, it is the center of a rich tobacco- and olive-growing region. Manufactures include paper, petrochemicals, textiles, beer, and cement. Founded c.712 B.C., it was rebuilt in 264 B.C. by Nicomedus I of Bithynia, who made it his capital, NicomediaNicomedia
, ancient city, NW Asia Minor, near the Bosporus, in present-day Turkey. Refounded (264 B.C.) by Nicomedes I of Bithynia to replace Astacus as his capital, it flourished for centuries. The Goths sacked the city in A.D. 258.
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. It was shattered by an earthquake in 1999.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Izmid, Kocaeli), a city and port in northwestern Turkey, on the bank of the Gulf of İzmit in the Sea of Marmara; administrative center of Kocaeli Vilayet. Population, 123,000 (1970). A railroad and highway from Ankara to Istanbul run through the city, İzmit produces cellulose and paper, chemicals, tires, and piping. Food is processed in the city. It has an assembly plant and an oil refinery; there are large oil reserves in the area. Lead and zinc are concentrated nearby. Turkey’s major naval base is situated in Golcuk, a suburb of İzmit.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a town in NW Turkey, on the Gulf of Izmit. Pop.: 306 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Survivors said the authorities had failed to send any professional rescuers to areas outside Istanbul and Izmit. Damage to power, phone and road networks hampered efforts to reach victims across seven provinces.
Hardest hit was the industrial town of Izmit, where an uncontrolled fire threatened to blow up the Tupras refinery, Turkey's largest, prompting an evacuation of the area while black smoke billowed from the plant.
The focus of the search and rescue operation is Izmit, the north-western industrial city at the epicentre of the quake, which experts have now measured as 7.4 on the Richter scale.
Some of the most populated areas of Turkey are on an earthquake-prone belt and Izmit is directly on the fault line.
In the Thames Water base of Izmit, an industrial city 70 miles east of Istanbul, about 80 people were killed.
According to Yazici, Japanese imports could enter Turkey through Ataturk Airport in Istanbul, Esenboga Airport in Ankara, and seaports at Ambarli, Haydarpasa, Izmir, Gebze, Izmit, Derince, Dilovasi, Gemlik and Mersin.