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Kocaeli(kō'jäĕl`ē), city (1990 pop. 254,768), capital of Kocaeli prov., NW Turkey, on the Bay of Izmit, at the eastern end of the Sea of Marmara. A port, it is the center of a rich tobacco- and olive-growing region. Manufactures include paper, petrochemicals, textiles, beer, and cement. Founded c.712 B.C., it was rebuilt in 264 B.C. by Nicomedus I of Bithynia, who made it his capital, NicomediaNicomedia
, ancient city, NW Asia Minor, near the Bosporus, in present-day Turkey. Refounded (264 B.C.) by Nicomedes I of Bithynia to replace Astacus as his capital, it flourished for centuries. The Goths sacked the city in A.D. 258.
..... Click the link for more information. . It was shattered by an earthquake in 1999.
(Izmid, Kocaeli), a city and port in northwestern Turkey, on the bank of the Gulf of İzmit in the Sea of Marmara; administrative center of Kocaeli Vilayet. Population, 123,000 (1970). A railroad and highway from Ankara to Istanbul run through the city, İzmit produces cellulose and paper, chemicals, tires, and piping. Food is processed in the city. It has an assembly plant and an oil refinery; there are large oil reserves in the area. Lead and zinc are concentrated nearby. Turkey’s major naval base is situated in Golcuk, a suburb of İzmit.