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a hill with the remains of a settlement of many levels near the city of Piatra-Neamţ. in Rumania. Excavations were conducted from 1936 to 1948. Five horizons dating from the Neolithic and Aeneolithic periods were isolated in the 3-m thick cultural level. The oldest of these belong to the Pre-Cucuteni II—III culture (contemporary of the early Tripol’e culture), and the later ones belong to the Cucuteni A and Gorodişte-Erbiceni cultures (which correspond to the developed Tripol’e and, partially, to the late Tripol’e culture). Among the items found at Izvoare are dwellings; vessels with monochrome and polychrome designs; work tools made of stone, bone, and horn; figurines of humans and animals; and copper ornaments. The Aeneolithic levels were disturbed by the rich graves of the fourth century A.D. and the medieval Moldavian burials of the 14th to the 17th centuries.