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a city in Kharkov Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, on the Sever-skii Donets River. Railroad station on the Kharkov-Krasnyi Liman line. Population, 51,000 (1971). Diesel locomotives are repaired in Izium. It is also the site of a brickworks, a brewery, a furniture factory, and plants for the production of optical instruments and building materials. There is a medical school and a museum of local lore.

Izium was first mentioned in 1571 as Izium Sakma. In 1682 it became known as the Izium Entrenchment. From 1688 to 1765 it was called the Izium Sloboda Regiment. In 1765, Izium became a provincial city. With the establishment of a vicege-rency, it became the principal city of its district.

References in periodicals archive ?
Magerko, who had recently won a beauty pageant in her home city of Izyum, died immediately, while her friend, Medvedeva, who can be seen driving erratically, died on the way to the hospital.
The SBU held them in special facilities in Kharkiv, Kramatorsk, Izyum, and Mariupol, in the east of the country, the human rights groups said.
DefenceanalystDmytro Tymchuk, who is recognised as having good military sources, said separately that one person had been killed on the Ukrainian side and 13 others wounded when a Ukrainian military column was attacked on its way to Slaviansk from its base in Izyum, to the north-west.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko (center), wearing military fatigues, speaks with Ukrainian army's Anti-Terrorist Operation officers near the eastern Ukrainian city of Izyum, during his visit of the Donetsk region, on June 20, 2014.

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