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Jönköping(yön`chö'pĭng), city (1990 pop. 76,280), capital of Jönköping co. (1995 pop. 312,490), S Sweden, at the southern end of Lake Vättern. It is a commercial and industrial center. The safety match was developed there, and the city has large match factories (founded 1844). Other manufactures include machinery, paper, and textiles. Jönköping was chartered in 1284 by Magnus I. Gustavus Adolphus gave (1620) it special privileges after its citizens had burned the city to prevent the Danes from sacking it. Jönköping's modern prosperity began in the 19th cent. with the opening of the Göta Canal and the coming of the railroad.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in Sweden, on the south shore of Lake Vättern; the administrative center of Jönköping County (Län). Population, 55, 400 (1970). Machine-building, paper, and match industries are there.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.