James Joseph Sylvester

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sylvester, James Joseph


Born Sept. 3, 1814, in London; died there Mar. 15, 1897. English mathematician.

Sylvester graduated from Cambridge University in 1837. He was a professor at the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich from 1855 to 1870 and at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore (USA) from 1876 to 1883. In 1883 he became a professor at Oxford University. Sylvester’s principal work was in algebra, number theory, probability theory, mechanics, and mathematical physics. His most important investigations dealt with the theory of invariants and its geometric applications. In 1878 he founded the first American mathematical journal, The American Journal of Mathematics. Sylvester became a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1872.


The Collected Mathematical Papers, vols. 1–4. Cambridge, 1904–12.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter 13 byJohn Fauvel on J.J. Sylvester reviews his career, his mathematical work and his success in building up mathematics in England and at Oxford after his appointment as Professor there in 1885 when he was 69 years old.