J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.


See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The man, now aged in his 50s, told the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse in hearings last year that he was abused by Father John Tolkien, son of novelist J.R.R Tolkien, in the 1970s.
Risks The report from the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) said "little or no steps" were taken to protect children from the risk of abuse by the late Father John Tolkien, son of novelist J.R.R Tolkien.
Sir Ian, who famously played J.R.R Tolkien's Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, has come up with a new solo show which starts with Gandalf and goes through his anecdotes and tales from his life on the stage and screen.
Cardinal Vincent Nichols, Archbishop of Westminster, was asked whether he had suppressed a 1968 note relating to an alleged incident involving Father Tolkien, son of Lord of the Rings and Hobbit writer J.R.R Tolkien.
By: Egypt Today staff CAIRO - 2 September 2017: On September 2, 1973, the creator of the all-time bestselling novels the Lord of the Rings and the Hobbit, the brilliant author J.R.R Tolkien died.
"Bibliographic Resources for Literature Searches on J.R.R Tolkien." Journal of Tolkien Research, vol.
Martin, J.R.R Tolkien and Mervyn Peake in anonymised early test sampling, with RPG legends Dever, Livingstone and Jackson also being mentioned by test readers as influences.
The video has been created in conjunction with the Academy Award-winning Weta Workshop (The Lord of the Rings films) and features appearances from Jackson,as well as the unforgettable character, Gollum, and descendants of J.R.R Tolkien, author of the timeless masterpiece The Hobbit on which the trilogy is based.
Though J.R.R Tolkien's "The Hobbit" novel did not include Legolas, Jackson will be integrating the character into the story for Part 1.  Jackson worked with Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Guillermo del Tora in writing the screenplays in preparation for worldwide distribution under New Line Cinemas and Warner Bros. 
Lord of the Rings author J.R.R Tolkien took the third spot.