J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.

Bibliography

See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
By: Egypt Today staff CAIRO - 2 September 2017: On September 2, 1973, the creator of the all-time bestselling novels the Lord of the Rings and the Hobbit, the brilliant author J.
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The video has been created in conjunction with the Academy Award-winningWeta Workshop (The Lord of the Rings films) and features appearances from Jackson,as well as the unforgettable character, Gollum, and descendants of J.
IN a sign of the growing maturity of Tolkien studies, we have seen over the last decade a proliferation of expansive (and expensive) critical companions, encyclopedias, readers' guides, and other vade mecums, including Michael Drout's J.
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