J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.


See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

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References in periodicals archive ?
University teachers working in different fields in North America, China, India, and Europe offer guidelines, along with discussion of assignment design, methodology, teaching practices, and classroom setup to courses involving J.R.R. Tolkein, fan pilgrimages and service learning, Tumblr, online fan activities, vidding as a way to teach critical literary theory, race and racism, and fandom as an academic subject.
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This genre has definitely mushroomed since the days of J.R.R. Tolkein's works and even before that, becoming an accepted category of pop culture, young adult and adult fantasy literature.
Inside, there were an array of activities including an opportunity to make your own shield or pedant; arms from the middle ages (which anyone from Middle-earth would recognize) workshops and demonstrations; a reading of tales by J.R.R. Tolkein, the reputedly mild-mannered author responsible for Middle-earth where "The Hobbit,'' "The Lord of the Rings'' and plenty of battles are set; a scholarly discussion; and even a Hobbit sing-along.
It was like J.R.R. Tolkein coming to class after you read Lord of the Rings," said Thompson.
Colbert has been a longtime fan of J.R.R. Tolkein's work, reportedly going as far as learning the fictional language of Elvish in order to more fully appreciate the subtle details in "Lord of the Rings."
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In the books of J.R.R. Tolkein, Bilbo Baggins found a ring that could make him invisible; he passed it on to his nephew Frodo.