J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.

Bibliography

See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
DOKSY, The Czech Republic (Reuters) - Spears crossed, swords touched and arrows flew in a Czech forest over the weekend as hundreds of fans of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit reenacted a major battle.
Matt Galsor, a rep from the Tolkien estate, said the series will bring to life a number of "previously unexplored stories based on J.R.R. Tolkien's original writings."
Amazon has confirmed in a statement that a new multi-season television show based on J.R.R. Tolkien's 'The Lord of the Rings' fantasy novels will be made.
Tolkien wrote a century ago.Fans will recognize in the tale of Beren and LE[bar]thien, published on Thursday, elements that would make up J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Simarillion" -- also published posthumously in 1977.
WARSAW, Poland -- It's almost like in J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Fellowship of The Ring'': Gandalf stands in the way of Balrog and tells him to "go back to the shadow'' to buy time for fleeing Frodo Baggins and his companions.
Inspiration: J.R.R. Tolkien's books should be celebrated more proudly in the city, says Colin Duriez (above)), author of a new biography.
"J.R.R. Tolkien's Medieval Scholarship and its Significance." Tolkien Studies 4 (2007): 113-76.
The Real Middle Earth is an amazing documentary that takes the viewer on a tour of the real-world locations that inspired the fantastic settings of J.R.R. Tolkien's classic fantasy trilogy "The Lord of the Rings", later adapted into popular feature films by director Peter Jackson.
He firmly grasps the multi-layered meanings of J.R.R. Tolkien's fiction.
For the now documentary Ringers: Lord of the Fans, a roughly chronological chronicle of the pop-cultural impact of J.R.R. Tolkien's epic novel The Lord of the Rings, gay producer and cowriter Cliff Broadway traveled from New Zealand to California to Oxford, England, to interview uber-fans and most of the stars of the Peter Jackson film cycle.
Lewis is bound to explode with the cinematic release, on December 9, of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the first book of the seven-volume Narnia series, much as J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings movie trilogy inspired a near mania for all things Tolkien.
Not too many people have an inkling that J.R.R. Tolkien's birthday is January 3.