J. D. Salinger

(redirected from JD Salinger)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Salinger, J. D.

(Jerome David Salinger) (săl`ĭnjər), 1919–2010, American novelist and short-story writer, b. New York City. His considerable literary stature rests on a small but extremely influential body of work that is noted for its depiction of the loneliness and frustration of individuals caught in a world of banalities and restricting conformity. His most famous work and only novel, The Catcher in the Rye (1951), is a picaresque work that describes, in a vernacular first-person voice, the adventures of Holden Caulfield, a rebellious and alienated schoolboy at odds with society. It remains extremely popular, particularly among adolescents, who over the years have tended to view it as a testament to the purity and honesty of youth. Many of Salinger's sharply observed short stories concern the ex-vaudevillian parents and seven brilliant, quiz-show-star children of the Glass family, presented as sensitive, neurotic, and intelligent individuals in a crass, vulgar world. By the mid-20th cent. Salinger was hailed as one of America's great writers. Nonetheless, in 1953 he retreated from public life amd moved to a rural compound in Cornish, N.H. Becoming a kind of literary recluse, he increasingly shunned and engaged in litigation against those who wished to write about his fiction and his life; in 1987 he won an injunction against a researcher who intended to publish excerpts of his letters. Collections of his stories, most of which, beginning in 1946, first appeared in the New Yorker, include Nine Stories (1953), Franny and Zooey (1961), Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters (1963), and Seymour, An Introduction (1963). His last story was published in the New Yorker in 1965.

Bibliography

See J. D. Salinger's Short Stories (2011), ed. by H. Bloom; memoirs by J. Maynard (1999) and M. A. Salinger, his daughter (2000); biographies by I. Hamilton (1989, rev. ed. 2000), P. Alexander (1999), K. Slawenski (2011), and T. Beller (2014); studies by G. Rosen (1977), W. French (1988), J. Wenke (1991), K. Kotzen and T. Beller, ed. (2001), J. C. Unrue (2002), and H. Bloom, ed. (new ed. 2008).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Salinger, J. D. (Jerome David)

(1919–  ) writer; born in New York City. He graduated from Valley Forge Military Academy (1936) and studied at New York University, Ursinus College, and Columbia University. He began to write when young, worked as an entertainer on a cruise ship (1941), served in the Army (1942–46), and began to publish short stories. The Catcher in the Rye (1951), his first and only novel, was an immediate success, generating a cult-like dedication among many readers. His subsequent collections of short stories, many of which first appeared in the New Yorker, such as Franny and Zooey (1961) and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction (1963), raised more speculation about the elusive author. Critics have been puzzled by his work—he is considered to be either too intellectual or too sentimental, a supreme stylist or a didactic practitioner of self-absorbed musings. He also ended up as something of a media preoccupation by virtue of his becoming a recluse for most of his adult life; about all that was ever known of his personal life was that he lived and wrote in Cornish, N.H.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Copies of JD Salinger's classic novel "The Catcher in the Rye" as well as his volume of short stories called "Nine Stories" at the Orange Public Library in Orange Village, Ohio.
According to Publishers Weekly, the biography of author JD Salinger is expected to be published in September 2013.
The UEA's Professor of American Studies, Chris Bigsby, added: "The JD Salinger which emerges from these letters is a very different person to the slightly creepy figure the public may think of."
Humorist John Hodgman wrote: "I prefer to think JD Salinger has just decided to become extra reclusive."
Shay plays Peach Salinger, Beck's best friend, who is a distant cousin of famous writer JD Salinger.
He plays another famous author, JD Salinger, in new biopic Rebel THEKILLERSMUSIC.
The top 10 list is dominated by classic literature - Charles Dickens features twice alongside Harper Lee, William Golding, John Steinbeck, JD Salinger and Jane Austen.
The Catcher in the Rye by JD Salinger - I was trying to get my son to read it and thought I'd just re-read it myself.
BORN J EDGAR Hoover, US law enforcer, 1895 JD Salinger, US writer, 1919 LILIAN Thuram, French footballer, 1972, above DIED CESAR Romero, American actor, 1994, above GARY Ablett, English footballer, 2012 HANK Williams, US country singer, 1953
'The Catcher in the Rye' by JD Salinger (15 percent)
From Leslie Nielsen to JD Salinger, the world is mourning the loss of some truly iconic characters.