Jaén


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Jaén

(häān`), city (1990 pop. 109,338), capital of Jaén prov., S Spain, in Andalusia. It is a marketing and distribution center for a fertile area producing olive oil and wine. Nearby lead mines are believed to be among the richest in Europe; iron and copper are also exploited. Once the seat of a small Moorish kingdom, Jaén was conquered by Ferdinand III of Castile in 1246. There are remains of a Moorish castle and walls; an imposing cathedral (16th–18th cent.); and several palaces.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jaén

 

a city in southern Spain, in Andalusia. Capital of Jaén Province. Population, 81,700 (1973). Jaén is the center of a large olive-growing region. Industry includes food processing (especially the production of olive oil), the repair of agricultural machinery, and the manufacture of leather goods, textiles, and ceramic ware.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.