Jabal Shammar

Jabal Shammar

(jä`bäl shă`mər), former emirate, N Saudi Arabia. Its capital was at Hail. In 1921, Ibn Saud conquered the forces of the emir, Ibn Rashid, and annexed the territory to his kingdom of Nejd.
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The Shammar, Rwala and c Anaza tribes in Northern Najd: these Arabic speaking pastoral-nomadic tribes inhabit the and and semi-arid region surrounding Jabal Shammar in north-central Saudi Arabia.
(23) The combined study of Egyptian/Libyan nomads and those in Jabal Shammar and Northern Najd thus effectively bracket the geographical setting of pre-Islamic Arab society.
Although this conflict occurred in approximately 1835 during the establishment of the Rashid dynasty in Jabal Shammar, poets and amateur storytellers still invoked it during 1960's.