Jack Cade


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Jack Cade
BirthplaceProbably Sussex
Died
NationalityEnglish
Known for Jack Cade Rebellion

Cade, Jack,

d. 1450, English rebel. Of his life very little is known. He may have been of Irish birth; some of his followers called him John Mortimer and claimed he was a cousin of Richard, duke of YorkYork, Richard, duke of,
1411–60, English nobleman, claimant to the throne. He was descended from Edward III through his father, Richard, earl of Cambridge, grandson of that king, and also through his mother, Anne Mortimer, great-granddaughter of Lionel, duke of Clarence,
..... Click the link for more information.
. In 1450 he appeared as the leader of a well-organized uprising in the S of England, principally in Kent, usually known as Jack Cade's Rebellion. The protests were mainly political, not social, although the 14th-century Statute of Labourers (which attempted to freeze wages and prices) was among the grievances. Others were the loss of royal lands in France, the extravagance of the court, the corruption of the royal favorites, and the breakdown of the administration of justice. The rebels defeated the royal army at Sevenoaks, entered London, executed Lord Saye and Sele (who was blamed for the losses in France), and sacked several houses. The government then offered pardon to Cade's men and so dispersed them. Cade himself was mortally wounded while resisting arrest.

Bibliography

See E. N. Simons, Lord of London (1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the punishment of the Simpcoxes, the dispersal of the rebels, and the murder of Jack Cade, their stories circulate within the world of the play, deciding in favor of what Bloch calls "real possibility," pushing back against the tides of destiny and stagnation in a "countermove against all these deadly manifestations from the family of Nothing and against the circulation of Nothing.
Chapter 2, which focuses on Shakespeare's representation of Jack Cade, is the strongest chapter, offering a lively, nuanced reading of 2 Henry VI with many broader insights about the significance of this representation.
He covers ideologies of representation, figurative language and the rebellion, Jack Cade's carnivalesque Midsummer celebration, John Payn and the case of the purloined apparel, the characterization of Jack Cade, and the ghost of Robin Hood.
There is a chapter on Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part Two, featuring the Jack Cade episode.
Other marathon roles that take the eye include Clive Wood's York and Patrice Naiambnana's Earl of Warwick, while John McKay makes his mark in the contasted roles of the Dauphin and Jack Cade.
I refer, of course, to what Dick the Butcher is allegedly said to have told Jack Cade in Act 4, Scene 2 of King Henry VI (Part 2): "The first thing we do, let's kill all the lawyers
This classic "lawyer joke" was uttered by "Dick the Butcher," a murderous henchman of Jack Cade, a petty criminal-turned-revolutionary.
In the case of Jack Cade, for example, this description goes far beyond the poem's chief source, Hall's Chronicle, which simply notes that Cade was killed, brought to London, and had his head stuck on a pole.
In the play, a rebellion has broken out under the leadership of one Jack Cade.
Senator Miller asked that his award be used to establish a University of Maryland scholarship in honor of Senate Minority Leader Jack Cade who died unexpectedly last year.
While the powerful musculature of the rebel laborer that Arab draws her reader's attention to in Shakespeare's depiction of Jack Cade in 2 Henry VI unquestionably exudes an imposing martial manliness, Arab's attempt to interpret Cade's dangerously powerful body situated at a representational distance as aesthetically appealing to contemporary spectators requires the reader to permit Arab intimate familiarity with that multiple and medial perspective--a highly speculative and deeply problematic subject position that Arab repeatedly assumes in order to assert the validity of her readings, most tellingly when her arguments are tenuous.