Jack Johnson


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Johnson, Jack

(John Arthur Johnson), 1878–1946, American boxer, b. Galveston, Tex., the son of two ex-slaves. Emerging from the battle royals (dehumanizing fights between blacks for the amusement of white patrons) of his youth, he defeated Tommy Burns in 1908 to become the world's first African-American heavyweight champion. After an interracial marriage and his defeat of several white hopefuls, Johnson was convicted in 1913 under contrived circumstances for violation of the Mann Act (see Mann, James RobertMann, James Robert,
1856–1922, American legislator, b. McLean co., Ill. A Chicago lawyer, he held many local offices before serving (1897–1922) as a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives.
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). He fled to Europe and remained a champion in exile until he lost in a 1915 bout in Cuba, knocked out in the 26th round by Jess Willard. Upon his return to the United States in 1920, he served a year in prison; he was posthumously pardoned in 2018.

Bibliography

See biographies by R. Roberts (1985) and G. C. Ward (2004).

Johnson, (John Arthur) Jack

(1878–1946) boxer; born in Galveston, Texas. The first black to win the world heavyweight title, he was one of boxing's greatest and most controversial champions. He worked as a janitor, dockhand, and stableboy before becoming a professional boxer in 1899. After winning the title in 1908 with a knockout of Tommy Burns, he defended the championship against a succession of "great white hopes," including former champion James J. Jeffries, who came out of a six-year retirement in 1910 only to be knocked out in the 15th round. Because of his flamboyance and self-confidence—and his marriage to a white woman—Johnson incurred the wrath of racist politicians and religious leaders who successfully secured a Mann Act conviction against him in 1913. He took sanctuary in Europe and lost the championship in 1915 to Jess Willard by a knockout in the 26th round. Johnson later returned to the U.S.A. to serve his sentence and to fight in boxing exhibitions. He spent his final years operating nightclubs and working in carnivals. He posted a career record of 78 wins, eight losses, and 12 no-decisions, with 45 knockouts. A play (1968) and motion picture (1970) based on his life, The Great White Hope, starred James Earl Jones.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jack Johnson's single, If I Had Eyes, is out this week, while the album, Sleep Through The Static, is out on February 4.
Former world champ Lewis said: "Muhammad Ali was my hero, and Ali's idol was Jack Johnson, so making a programme about the 100th anniversary of him winning the world heavyweight title was a labour of love for me."
RELIEVED: Arthur with mum Amanda Greenwell and dad Jack Johnson PICTURES: MIKE URWIN www.icNewcastle.co.uk/buyaphoto ref: 01266544; SPECIAL HUGS: Armanda and Arthur
Dilyn Pob Cam is pleasant enough; but with its belt-and-braces approach to choice of musical styles - all the songs are very studiously harmonious, yet too different from one another to provide coherence - it lacks the definite sense of personality that makes the great records of songwriters like Jack Johnson so memorable.
SURFER Jack Johnson brought some of the chilled out Hawaiian spirit to Birmingham but was left out of his depth in a venue slightly too big for his mellow sounds.
SINCE his debut in 2001, Hawaiian singer songwriter Jack Johnson has been ploughing his own furrow, releasing laidback acoustic tales of love and life.
This latest tour follows support slots with Jack Johnson's buddy Donavon F rankenreiter
IT'S been out a year in the States and now a UK tour prompts the release of Garrett Dutton's latest laidback session, with pals such as Jack Johnson, Ben Harper and Los Lobos' David Hidalgo among a host of studio guests.
Relax with a set of summery songs that suggests a campfire singalong in the company of Jack Johnson and Jonathan Richman, with The Magic Numbers on back-up.
Kind-hearted Jack Johnson was so inspired by a friend's battle to overcome cancer he set about fundraising in his honour.
162074, Melissa Gisborn-Clarke, Sutton Coldfield' 162075, Nicola Booth, Chelmsley Wood' 162076, Jack Johnson, Holloway Head' 162077, Francis O'Neill, Rubery' 162078, Starra Redmond, Quinton' 162079, Liam Spooner, Redditch' 162080, Ellie Turner, Great Barr.
The album is an exclusive collection of Lennon songs performed by artists including U2, Christina Aguilera, Lenny Kravitz, Avril Lavigne, Black Eyed Peas, Corinne Bailey Rae, Green Day, Jack Johnson and REM.