Jack Kerouac

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Kerouac, Jack

(John Kerouac) (kĕr`əwăk'), 1922–69, American novelist, b. Lowell, Mass., studied at Columbia. One of the leaders of the beat generationbeat generation,
term applied to certain American artists and writers who were popular during the 1950s. Essentially anarchic, members of the beat generation rejected traditional social and artistic forms.
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, a term he is said to have coined, he was the author of the largely autobiographical novel On the Road (1957), widely considered the testament of the beat movement. Frequently employing idiosyncratically lyrical language, Kerouac's writings reflect a frenetic, restless pursuit of new sensation and experience and a disdain for the conventional measures of economic and social success. Among his other works are the novels The Subterraneans (1958), The Dharma Bums (1958), Big Sur (1962), and Desolation Angels (1965); a volume of poetry, Mexico City Blues (1959); and a volume describing his dreams, Book of Dreams (1961). By the time he died of complications of alcoholism he had written more than 25 books.


See H. Cunnell, ed., On the Road: The Original Scroll (2007) and M. Phipps-Kettlewell, ed., Jack Kerouac: Collected Poems (2012); D. Brinkley, ed., Windblown World: The Journals of Jack Kerouac, 1947–1954 (2004); A. Charters, ed., Jack Kerouac: Selected Letters, 1940–1956 (1995) and Jack Kerouac: Selected Letters, 1957–1969 (1999) and B. Morgan and D. Stanford, ed., Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg: The Letters (2010); H. Weaver, The Awakener: A Memoir of Kerouac and the Fifties (2009); biographies by A. Charters (1973), B. Gifford and L. Lee (1978, repr. 1994), D. McNally (1980), G. Nicosia (1988), and B. Miles (1998); studies by T. Hunt (1981), R. Weinreich (1986), I. Gewirtz (2007), J. Leland (2007), P. Maher, Jr. (2007), and B. Morgan (2010).

Kerouac, Jack


Born Mar. 12, 1922, in Lowell; died Oct. 21, 1969, in St. Petersburg, Fla. American writer.

Kerouac’s novel On the Road (1957) reflects the characteristic features of a certain element of American youth of the 1950’s called beatniks. His novel Big Sur (1962) portrays the crisis of the anarchistic behavior of the beatniks. Kerouac’s novels, such as The Subterraneans (1958) and The Dharma Bums (1958), are loosely composed, characterized by an episodic plot and impressionistic description. Kerouac’s outlook combined irresponsible hedonism with a mixture of Buddhism and Christianity.


Doctor Sax. New York, 1959.
Lonesome Traveler. New York, 1960.
Desolation Angels. New York, 1965.
Satori in Paris. New York, 1966.
Vanity of Duluoz. New York, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Na Doroge. [Excerpts.] In. Lit-ra, 1960, no. 10.


Levidova, I. “Neprikaiannye dushi.” Voprosy literatury, 1960, no. 10.
Morozova, T. L. Obraz molodogo amerikantsa ν literature SShA. Moscow, 1969.
Charters, A. A Bibliography of Works by Jack Kerouac. New York [1967].

Kerouac, Jack (b. Jean Louis Lebris de Kerouac) (Jean-Louis, Jean Louis Incognito, John Kerouac, pen names)

(1922–69) writer; born in Lowell, Mass. He studied at Columbia University (1940–42), and served in the merchant marine (1942; 1943) and the navy (1943). Later he studied at the New School for Social Research (1948–49). He lived with his mother in Lowell, held a variety of jobs, and traveled throughout the United States and Mexico. The publication of On the Road (1957), a semiautobiographical tale of his wanderings with Neal Cassady, instantly established his reputation as a spokesman for the Beat Generation. His friends, Allen Ginsberg and William Burroughs Jr., were strongly supportive when conservative critics of the day were upset by the subject matter of the book and by what Kerouac called his "spontaneous prose." Although his new-found fame helped to promote his previously unpublished books, he was profoundly disturbed by his loss of privacy. He lost his gift for high-speed writing, drank heavily, and tried to escape his notoriety by living in California. His last major work, Big Sur (1962), described the price he paid for success, and he lived out his final years back in Lowell with his mother.
References in periodicals archive ?
Critique: An impressively erudite and informative study of a particular aspect of Jack Keouac's extraordinary literary work, "Jack Kerouac and the Traditions of Classic and Modern Haiku" is a truly exceptional and unreservedly recommended addition to college and university library Literary Studies & Haiku Poetry Studies collections in general, and Jack Kerouac supplemental curriculum reading lists in particular.
CREDITS: Directed, written by Michael Polish, based on the novel by Jack Kerouac. Reviewed at Sundance Film Festival (Premieres), Jan.
Summary: Kristen Stewart has admitted she felt a huge responsibility taking on the film adaptation of Jack Kerouac's novel, On The Road.
New York, NY, October 24, 2012 --(PR.com)-- Jack Kerouac: King of the Beats
Jack Kerouac's source material book might have sold millions of copies, but its transfer to the silver screen makes for a very long 124 minutes.
It's all about sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll, well jazz really, since rock 'n' roll hadn't yet been invented in this adaptation of Jack Kerouac's seminal novel.
THE best thing you can say about Walter Salles' adaptation of Jack Kerouac's iconic novel is that it remains faithful to the source material.
The 'Twilight saga' star, who was only 16 years old when she got the role of Marylou in the adaptation of Jack Kerouac's classic novel, is thankful that filming was delayed for a few years as she was at the "perfect" point in her life to tackle the role.
Nevertheless, that desire is a good, true, worthy desire, and it permeates all of Jack Kerouac's writing.
Written in 1943 after a brief stint as a merchant marine, The Sea Is My Brother is the latest installment in the juvenilia being periodically released by Jack Kerouac's estate.
Clockwise from left: 3 West 8th Street (source: PropertyShark) and beat writers Neal Cassady and Jack Kerouac A New School Parson's dormitory in Greenwich Village will become a posh hotel, the New York Post reported.
Still, The Typewriter Is Holy (Free Press), his lifeless primer on their lives, fails to drive home why the precedent-, form-, and language-shattering work of Ginsberg and pals such as Jack Kerouac and William Burroughs should be treasured.