Jack of Diamonds

Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jack of Diamonds


an association of Moscow painters. Term originated from the exhibition of the same name, organized in 1910.

The artists of the Jack of Diamonds group (P. P. Konchalovskii, A. V. Kuprin, A. V. Lentulov, I. I. Mashkov, V. V. Rozhdestvenskii, R. R. Fal’k, and others) rejected the traditions of academicism as well as those of 19th-century realism. But they were also opposed to the mystical, symbolist tendencies in Russian art of the first decade of the 20th century. A fluid artistic search in the spirit of the creative art of P. Cézanne, fauvism, and cubism and a use of the devices of Russian popular prints and folk toys characterized the group’s work. The crisis characteristic of Russian artistic culture in the last decade before the Revolution was reflected in the actual practice of the Jack of Diamonds artists. Having limited the sphere of their activity mainly to the genres of still life, landscape, and portraiture and having asserted the idea of the “intrinsic value” of painting, the artists of the Jack of Diamonds group worked on the formal problems of conveying three-dimensional volume on a plane and of building up forms by means of color. They strove to reveal the primordial, material quality and “thingness” of nature. In the accentuated deformation and generalization of volume, the deliberate crudity and tangibility of the texture, and the garish, joyful, almost popular-print type of colorfulness to be found in the works of the Jack of Diamonds artists, there was an expression in subjective form of an individualistic protest against the bourgeois-philistine taste and way of life (this did not, however, touch upon the existing social principles). There was also a striving to épater le bourgeois as well as attempts to assert in painting the sensual, full-blooded, materially colorful aspects of being.

In 1912 a group of artists who had broken away from the Jack of Diamonds and been drawn to primitivism, cubofuturism, and abstractionism (V. D. and D. D. Burliuk, N. S. Goncharova, M. F. Larionov, K. S. Malevich, and others) organized an exhibition entitled The Donkey’s Tail. By 1916 the earlier association had disintegrated (an exhibition entitled Jack of Diamonds, organized in 1917, did not include works by the leading artists of that association). After the October Revolution many former members of the Jack of Diamonds group, having overcome their one-sided obsession with formal experiments, became prominent masters of Soviet art. In 1925, on the initiative of former members of the Jack of Diamonds, the association of Moscow Painters was founded and subsequently changed to the Association of Moscow Artists.


Vystavka proizvedenii gruppy khudozhnikov “Bubnovyi valet.” Moscow, 1927.
Lebedev, A. K. “Iskusstvo ‘Bubnovogo valeta’ i problema khudozhestvennogo naslediia.” In the collection Voprosy iskusstva v svete bor’by ideologii. Moscow, 1966.
Kogan, D. Z. “Novye techeniia v zhivopisi 1907-1917 godov.” In Istoriia russkogo iskusstva, vol. 10, book 2. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Boycie looks the only conceivable danger but he's been dramatically out of form and Rossa Ryan will have to be at his best to get his head in front, consequently making Jack Of Diamonds a confident selection.
His latest book, Jack of Diamonds, was published and released just two weeks ago.
The author's death comes two weeks after his final novel, "Jack of Diamonds," was published, Reuters reported.
In autumn 2009, to the dismay of Australian breeder Peter McKeon, they acquired Fifield Jack of Diamonds, a seven-year-old stallion bred by the late Jack Borland and bought as a foal by Clive Smith, Oxford.
East was afraid that South held the jack of diamonds and switched to a low heart.
An up-beat Cunningham quipped: "I have been reshuffled more times in the last four weeks than the Jack of Diamonds in an international bridge competition.
So bright, so sharp, I've called him Jack of Diamonds because he so stands out from the pack.
Roberts demonstrates Spencer's artistic development most strongly in his discussion of her short fiction, analyzing The Stories of Elizabeth Spencer and Jack of Diamonds in terms of four time periods ranging from Spencer's first published stories to the publication of Jack of Diamonds.
And the Jack of Diamonds looked like Claire's boyfriend, Chris - the same Roman nose and the piercing dark-green eyes.
CALLUM SHEPHERD continues to impress and he produced the ride of the day on 7-2 second favourite Jack Of Diamonds to land the card's feature, the PS8,000 0-85 1m1/2f handicap.