jackal

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Related to Jackals: Anubis

jackal,

name for several Old World carnivorous mammals of the genus Canis, which also includes the dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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 and the wolfwolf,
carnivorous mammal of the genus Canis in the dog family. Once distributed over most of the Northern Hemisphere, wild wolves are now confined to the wilder parts of a reduced range.
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. Jackals are found in Africa and S Asia, where they inhabit deserts, grasslands, and brush country. They are similar in size to the North American prairie wolf, or coyotecoyote
or prairie wolf,
small, swift wolf, Canis latrans, native to W North America. Historically found in deserts, prairies, open woodlands, and brush country, it is increasingly colonizing urban habitats; it is also called brush wolf.
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, and like the coyote, they howl and yap before the evening hunt. Renowned as scavengers, jackals also hunt small animals such as rodents and gazelle fawns. Pairs generally mate for life; they forage by night and spend the day in holes or with a litter hidden in brush. The black-backed jackal, Canis mesomelas, the simian jackal, C. simensis, and the side-striped jackal, C. adustus, are found only in Africa; they are territorial and form complex social groups. The golden, or Asian, jackal, C. aureus, is found in S Asia and parts of N Africa; they usually hunt in small packs. Jackals are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Canidae.

Bibliography

See J. L. Gittleman, Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution (1989).

Jackal

(pop culture)
When writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko introduced Professor Miles Warren in The Amazing Spider-Man vol. 1 #31 (1965) as distracted college student Peter (Spider-Man) Parker's biochemistry teacher, they could not have foreseen that a decade later this rather insignificant character would become one of their wall-crawler's most problematic foes. Fast forward to 1974's Amazing Spider-Man #129, valued among comic-book collectors as the first appearance of the Punisher. This tale, by scribe Gerry Conway and artist Ross Andru, also unveils the jeering Jackal, a sprightly figure in a green-furred costume who attacks the web-slinger with drug-tipped and “negatively charged electroprod” claws, but this new adversary proves just another obstacle for the perennially beleaguered Spidey to overcome. Yet there was more to the Jackal than met Spider- Man's masked eye. Jackal was actually Professor Warren, who had earlier become infatuated with one of his students, Peter's girlfriend Gwen Stacy. When Gwen was killed the year prior during a battle between the wall-crawler and the Green Goblin, Warren blamed Spidey for her death and targeted the hero out of vengeance. Warren's preoccupation led to another obsession, this one affecting Spider-Man's scriptwriters: cloning. In a sometimes-confusing 1975 storyline Professor Warren cloned Gwen Stacy, then Spider- Man, and even himself, but each clone appeared to die. Another clone of Warren became the supervillain Carrion in 1978. The Spider-Man clone returned in 1995, surprisingly alive, in a multi-part, reader-disdained storyline, in which questions arose over which Spider-Man was real. Warren genetically altered himself into a mutated Jackal, no longer requiring his gargoyle-like costume, but fell to his doom at the end of this saga. With the impermanence of death in the world of comics, one suspects that the Jackal—or at least another of his clones—may leap into Spider-Man's life once again. A footnote to the Jackal saga: after Norman Osborn, the original Green Goblin, returned from the dead in 1996, it was revealed via flashbacks that he had manipulated Warren's cloning experiments.

Jackal

 

(Canis aureus), also Indian jackal, Oriental jackal, or common jackal, a predatory mammal of the family Canidae. The jackal resembles a wolf but is much smaller and has a shorter tail and more pointed muzzle. The body measures 71–82 cm in length, and the tail, about 20 cm. The fur is reddish brown to gray in the winter and reddish brown in the summer.

The jackal is distributed in southern Europe, North Africa, and southern Asia and on the island of Sri Lanka. In the USSR it is found in the Caucasus and Middle Asia; sometimes it occurs in Moldavia. The jackal usually inhabits lowlands and dense thickets along rivers and lakes; more rarely it inhabits deserts and foothills. It is often found near populated areas. It lives in dens. The diet includes rodents, birds, carrion, garbage, and fruits. Mating occurs in January. The female gives birth to four to nine pups, usually in the den. Sexual maturity is attained in the second year of life. Primarily a nocturnal animal, the jackal has a particularly loud howl.

The jackal has little commercial importance; the hide is of little value. The jackal is somewhat harmful to the hunting trade and poultry farming.

What does it mean when you dream about a jackal?

Jackals are considered negative creatures because they scavenge dead bodies. In Egyptian mythology, the jackal led souls to the land of the dead. As a dream symbol, the jackal can signify transformation. It can also symbolize someone’s worst nightmare.

jackal

[′jak·əl]
(vertebrate zoology)
Canis aureus. A wild dog found in southeastern Europe, southern Asia, and northern Africa.
Any of various similar Old World wild dogs; they resemble wolves but are smaller and more yellowish.

jackal

outwits the tiger; imprisons him. [Hindu Folklore: Mercatante, 55]
See: Cunning

jackal

any of several African or S Asian canine mammals of the genus Canis, closely related to the dog, having long legs and pointed ears and muzzle: predators and carrion-eaters
References in periodicals archive ?
There were only around 100 people in the side-room of the Hillfields venue on Tuesday as he took to the stage with his new band The Jackals.
His new venture with The Jackals will see an album launch planned for early 2015 featuring debut single Glory Days.
For the last six years the Jackals had an agreement with the Senators and B-Sens, which made it easy to move players back-and-forth to Elmira from Binghamton.
Jackals on the other hand are to be seen both in the moutnains and on the outlying fields.
He hunts Muja-heddin with his helicopter rockets without any shame but jackals can't hunt lions.
Another Jackal with a two-man crew was leading the convoy, with their vehicle following on behind, with the three lorries behind them and another two Jackals bringing up the rear.
Meanwhile, Dustin Birosak was solid for the Jackals.
CHICHAWATNI -- Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan has termed his opponents in Islamabad and Raiwind as jackals and said that the coward leadership of the political parties was going to re-open Nato supplies.
Jackals have not gon", regular interviews of Uzbek community leaders Kadyrzhan Batyrov, Inomzhan Abdurasulov as examples.
The soldiers were part of a platoon of three Jackals returning from a patrol near Sangin, Helmand Province, Afghanistan, last year.
Negative controls included samples from jackals born and reared at a zoo in central Israel, as well as from foxes and wolves from areas in which leishmaniasis is not endemic, that were tested by PCR and found negative.
Jackals are manoeuvrable and heavily armed, but they are not as well armoured as bulkier vehicles such as Mastiffs and have fallen prey to insurgents' roadside bombs several times before.