jackal

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jackal,

name for several Old World carnivorous mammals of the genus Canis, which also includes the dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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 and the wolfwolf,
carnivorous mammal of the genus Canis in the dog family. Once distributed over most of the Northern Hemisphere, wild wolves are now confined to the wilder parts of a reduced range.
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. Jackals are found in Africa and S Asia, where they inhabit deserts, grasslands, and brush country. They are similar in size to the North American prairie wolf, or coyotecoyote
or prairie wolf,
small, swift wolf, Canis latrans, native to W North America. Historically found in deserts, prairies, open woodlands, and brush country, it is increasingly colonizing urban habitats; it is also called brush wolf.
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, and like the coyote, they howl and yap before the evening hunt. Renowned as scavengers, jackals also hunt small animals such as rodents and gazelle fawns. Pairs generally mate for life; they forage by night and spend the day in holes or with a litter hidden in brush. The black-backed jackal, Canis mesomelas, the simian jackal, C. simensis, and the side-striped jackal, C. adustus, are found only in Africa; they are territorial and form complex social groups. The golden, or Asian, jackal, C. aureus, is found in S Asia, the Middle East, and more recently in SE Europe; they usually hunt in small packs. Jackals are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Canidae.

Bibliography

See J. L. Gittleman, Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution (1989).

Jackal

(pop culture)
When writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko introduced Professor Miles Warren in The Amazing Spider-Man vol. 1 #31 (1965) as distracted college student Peter (Spider-Man) Parker's biochemistry teacher, they could not have foreseen that a decade later this rather insignificant character would become one of their wall-crawler's most problematic foes. Fast forward to 1974's Amazing Spider-Man #129, valued among comic-book collectors as the first appearance of the Punisher. This tale, by scribe Gerry Conway and artist Ross Andru, also unveils the jeering Jackal, a sprightly figure in a green-furred costume who attacks the web-slinger with drug-tipped and “negatively charged electroprod” claws, but this new adversary proves just another obstacle for the perennially beleaguered Spidey to overcome. Yet there was more to the Jackal than met Spider- Man's masked eye. Jackal was actually Professor Warren, who had earlier become infatuated with one of his students, Peter's girlfriend Gwen Stacy. When Gwen was killed the year prior during a battle between the wall-crawler and the Green Goblin, Warren blamed Spidey for her death and targeted the hero out of vengeance. Warren's preoccupation led to another obsession, this one affecting Spider-Man's scriptwriters: cloning. In a sometimes-confusing 1975 storyline Professor Warren cloned Gwen Stacy, then Spider- Man, and even himself, but each clone appeared to die. Another clone of Warren became the supervillain Carrion in 1978. The Spider-Man clone returned in 1995, surprisingly alive, in a multi-part, reader-disdained storyline, in which questions arose over which Spider-Man was real. Warren genetically altered himself into a mutated Jackal, no longer requiring his gargoyle-like costume, but fell to his doom at the end of this saga. With the impermanence of death in the world of comics, one suspects that the Jackal—or at least another of his clones—may leap into Spider-Man's life once again. A footnote to the Jackal saga: after Norman Osborn, the original Green Goblin, returned from the dead in 1996, it was revealed via flashbacks that he had manipulated Warren's cloning experiments.

Jackal

 

(Canis aureus), also Indian jackal, Oriental jackal, or common jackal, a predatory mammal of the family Canidae. The jackal resembles a wolf but is much smaller and has a shorter tail and more pointed muzzle. The body measures 71–82 cm in length, and the tail, about 20 cm. The fur is reddish brown to gray in the winter and reddish brown in the summer.

The jackal is distributed in southern Europe, North Africa, and southern Asia and on the island of Sri Lanka. In the USSR it is found in the Caucasus and Middle Asia; sometimes it occurs in Moldavia. The jackal usually inhabits lowlands and dense thickets along rivers and lakes; more rarely it inhabits deserts and foothills. It is often found near populated areas. It lives in dens. The diet includes rodents, birds, carrion, garbage, and fruits. Mating occurs in January. The female gives birth to four to nine pups, usually in the den. Sexual maturity is attained in the second year of life. Primarily a nocturnal animal, the jackal has a particularly loud howl.

The jackal has little commercial importance; the hide is of little value. The jackal is somewhat harmful to the hunting trade and poultry farming.

What does it mean when you dream about a jackal?

Jackals are considered negative creatures because they scavenge dead bodies. In Egyptian mythology, the jackal led souls to the land of the dead. As a dream symbol, the jackal can signify transformation. It can also symbolize someone’s worst nightmare.

jackal

[′jak·əl]
(vertebrate zoology)
Canis aureus. A wild dog found in southeastern Europe, southern Asia, and northern Africa.
Any of various similar Old World wild dogs; they resemble wolves but are smaller and more yellowish.

jackal

outwits the tiger; imprisons him. [Hindu Folklore: Mercatante, 55]
See: Cunning

jackal

any of several African or S Asian canine mammals of the genus Canis, closely related to the dog, having long legs and pointed ears and muzzle: predators and carrion-eaters
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, it was from 2009 that the number of evidence of shot golden jackals became more frequent and increased steadily.
According to locals, a pack of nine wild jackals invaded various houses and attacked people.
According to locals, a pack of about nine jackals attacked residents in the border villages and mauled 12 persons identified as Khalid, Nasir, Iqbal, Sughra Bibi, Sakeena Bibi, Allah Rakhi, Zeeshan, Usama, Arsalan and Naveed.
"On March 5, a jackal was observed, which also scared pelicans.
In February 2017, the wildlife service delivered the body of a golden jackal from Western Jutland, >200 km north of the Denmark-Germany border, to the National Veterinary Institute (Lyngby, Denmark).
Our objective was to verify the existence of sexual differences in the skull form of golden jackals in the Western Balkans, as previous studies (Petrov et al., 1992; Gittleman and Van Valkenburgh, 1997; Schutz et al., 2009; Hartova-Nentvichova et al., 2010; Milenkovic et al., 2010; Stoyanov, 2012; Drake and Klingenberg, 2010) have indicated that dimorphism in this body region is potentially affected by sexual selection.
Despite the name, golden jackals are believed to be more closely related to gray wolves and coyotes than to the black-backed and side-striped jackal species native to Africa.
Forest Department and Archaeological Survey of India are launching a wildlife research project to study and eventually translocate about 30- 35 wild jackals from Akbar's Tomb in Sikandra, Agra to safe natural habitat.
Byline: Carl Barat and The Jackals KASBAH NIGHTCLUB, COVENTRY