Robinson, Jackie

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Robinson, Jackie

(Jack Roosevelt Robinson), 1919–72, American baseball player, the first African-American player in the modern major leagues, b. Cairo, Ga. He grew up in Pasadena, Calif., where he became an outstanding athlete in high school and junior college. While attending (1939–41) the Univ. of California at Los Angeles, he established a wide reputation in baseball, basketball, football, and track.

Robinson left college to support his mother, but in 1941 played professional football with the Los Angeles Bulldogs of the Pacific Coast League. He entered the army in World War II and was discharged as a lieutenant in 1945. In Oct., 1945, Branch RickeyRickey, Branch,
1881–1965, American baseball executive, b. Stockdale, Ohio. As manager or executive, he was with the St. Louis Browns (1913–15), the St. Louis Cardinals (1917–42), the Brooklyn Dodgers (1943–50), and the Pittsburgh Pirates (1950–59).
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, then president of the Brooklyn Dodgers, signed Robinson to play for the Montreal Royals, a Brooklyn farm club in the International League. Despite several incidents in spring training in the South and many inconveniences during the season, Robinson—the first African-American ballplayer in that league—excelled as a second baseman and won the league batting crown.

In 1947 precedent was shattered when Robinson was brought up to the Brooklyn club. African Americans had not played in big-league competition in the 20th cent., but resistance dwindled as Robinson excelled. In 1949 he won the National League batting crown, hitting .342, and was named the NL's most valuable player. Robinson played his entire career (1947–56) with Brooklyn, where he set fielding and batting records and gained a reputation for base stealing. Other African Americans began playing in the major leagues soon after his debut. In 1962 Robinson became the first African American to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.


See his autobiography (1972); J. Tygiel, Baseball's Great Experiment (1983) and Extra Bases (2002); A. Rampersad, Jackie Robinson (1997); S. Simon, Jackie Robinson and the Integration of Baseball (2002); J. Eig, Opening Day: The Story of Jackie Robinson's First Season (2007).

Robinson, Jackie

(1919–1972) professional American baseball player; first Negro to play in the major leagues. [Am. Sports: NCE, 2335]
See: Firsts

Robinson, (Jack Roosevelt) Jackie

(1919–72) baseball player; born in Cairo, Ga. A four-sport star at the University of California: Los Angeles (UCLA), he became the first African-American baseball player in the modern era major leagues when he was brought up as an infielder for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. His indomitable personality and competitive nature served him admirably during the first difficult years with the Dodgers, where he was a frequent target of beanballs and the racial epithets of opposing players and fans alike. An excellent fielder, clutch hitter, and base runner, he led the Dodgers to six National League championships and their first ever World Series victory in 1955. During his ten-year career (1947–56), he won the National League batting title with an average of .342 in 1949 and was named the league's Most Valuable Player. After retiring from baseball he was an active spokesperson for civil rights, and in 1962 he was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.
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For more information on SheBoss Unlimited or to reach Jackie Robinson, visit
"We are honored to partner with the Jackie Robinson Foundation in celebrating the legacy of a true American icon," says Whitney Donhauser, director and president of MCNY.
Robinson's widow, Rachel, and daughter Sharon will join Major League Baseball commissioner Rob Manfred at the opening of an exhibit at the Museum of the City of New York entitled "In the Dugout with Jackie Robinson."
Jackie Robinson was a catalyst for change in Major League Baseball (MLB).
Lelchuk grew up in Brooklyn, the son of immigrants in the post-WWII era, and had a firsthand view of Jackie Robinson's rise as a baseball player, a public icon, and a voice for equality.
Late last year, the organization said it was confident that there were no violations of residency regulations after investigating allegations made by an official from a suburban Chicago league that some of Jackie Robinson West's players live in suburbs with already-established Little League teams.
When much of the United States was still racially segregated, Jackie Robinson broke the colour barrier to become the first African-American player in Major League Baseball.
He had the liberty to write on any topic that suited his fancy, and Beyond Home Plate: Jackie Robinson on Life After Baseball uses these columns to portray Robinson on his own terms and highlight his own convictions.
LOS ANGELES - Kyle Garlick drove in two runs and Jeff Gold combined with four relievers to scatter 10 hits and lead Oregon to a 4-1 victory over UCLA in Pac-12 baseball on Saturday night at Jackie Robinson Stadium.
baseball immortal Jackie Robinson and Black History Month at a charity softball game between U.S.
The Las Vegas Strip could be getting a new arena and resort if basketball player Jackie Robinson and his company, All Net Arena, get their way.
The team featured newcomers Diana Best from Knowle & Dorridge, Caroline Rhodes from Kenilworth and Jackie Sadler from Warwick Boat Club as well as regulars Jenny Waggott, Jackie Robinson and Susie Rowe.