Jackson, Thomas


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Jackson, (Thomas Jonathan) “Stonewall”

(1824–63) soldier; born in Clarksburg, Va. After his parents died in poverty, he was raised by an uncle who helped him obtain an appointment to West Point. Following graduation (1846), he served in the Mexican War, then resigned from the army (1852) to accept a professorship at Virginia Military Institute (VMI); there he became noted for his dedication to his Presbyterian faith. He commanded a detachment of VMI students at the hanging of John Brown (1859). When the Civil War broke out, he did not hesitate to sign on with the Confederates. Appointed a brigadier general, he organized a brigade of Virginians that fought at 1st Bull Run; it was here that the unit was described as standing its ground like a "stone wall," and though the brigade, which fought with him to his end, was officially named this, the name became forever attached to Jackson. His Shenandoah campaign of 1862, a strategic diversion that prevented the federals from reinforcing McClellan on the Virginia Peninsula, is graded a military masterpiece. He mysteriously faltered during the Seven Days' Battles on the Peninsula (June–July 1862), but by 2nd Bull Run (August 1862) he and Lee had perfected their brilliant partnership. They triumphed at Fredericksburg, and Jackson's famous flank march at Chancellorsville (1863) made Lee's victory there possible. But within hours after he had routed the Union right, he was accidentally shot by one of his own men while riding by in the dusk. He died eight days later, and Lee said simply, "I know not how to replace him." Not an easy man to know or warm up to, he fought with an intellignece, ferocity, and singleness of purpose perhaps equaled only by Sherman.
References in periodicals archive ?
VIRGINIA--Walter Allmon, Peggy Anthony, Anthony Arrington, Jason Baker, Francine Blackmon, Mark Christie, Rolanda Colbert, Andrew Dohm, Christopher Epling, Lori Fadorick, Jeffrey Foster, Norman Gallaher, Robert Gibson, Genne Jackson, Thomas Johnson, Richard Jones, Mark Kroeker, Karl Leonard, Melissa Little, Stephanie Manfredonia, Marcel McCain, Elizebeth Morse, Laquitta Murray, Jamil Niazi, Andrew Poll inger, Elizabeth Robison, Demetria Saunders, Mark Smith, Robert Smith, Dean Waller, James Walton, Jesse Wiese
The students are Olivia Brous, Jane Chen, Jonathan Chen, Sam Clements, Noah Clig, Savannah Clig, Bailey Evenson, Evan Horton, Hannah Horton, Heidi Horton, Tenesha Jackson, Thomas Long, David Lura, William Manstrom-Greening, Devin Martin, Marijane Martin, Caroline Meili, Nicole Plant, Risa Rettig, Anthony Royer, Hannah Saylor, Alex Steele, Will Stewart, Austin Tyner, Makenzie Webster and Tyler Wilson.
Camera (color, widescreen, HD), Alex Bergman; music, Kyle Forester;, art director, Ryan Schaefer; sound, Allison Jackson, Thomas Byrd; re-recording mixer, Cory Melious.
Palton, who had been in the Varner Supermax Unit in 2005 on a robbery conviction, also said in his lawsuit that the defendants, Steven Jackson, Thomas Hurst and Greg Moore, sexually harassed him and inflicted cruel and unusual punishment on him.