Jakob Burckhardt

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Burckhardt, Jakob

 

Born May 25, 1818, in Basel; died there Aug. 8, 1897. Swiss cultural historian and philosopher.

Burckhardt studied at the University of Berlin under L. Ranke and was a university professor in Basel from 1858 to 1893. Burckhardt was the initiator of a school in historiography that, in contrast to the Ranke school, brought to the foreground not political history but the history of spiritual culture. (Sometimes Burckhardt’s school is called the cultural-historical school.) As a cultural historian, Burckhardt dealt with problems of ancient Greece, the Renaissance, and the baroque. His principal work, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (1860; in Russian translation, vols. 1-2, 1904-06), provides a number of vivid pictures of the cultural life of the Renaissance, organized around the constant idea of Renaissance individualism, in which Burckhardt uncovers the sources of the new European bourgeois world perception. By the end of his life Burckhardt was arriving at increasingly pessimistic conclusions regarding the prospects for the existence of liberal societal forms and a free spiritual personality in the late bourgeois epoch; Burckhardt’s criticism of culture is one of the links between Romanticism and the predictions of a new barbarism by Nietzsche (on whom the late Burckhardt had an influence) and Spengler.

REFERENCES

Gramsci, A. Izbr. proizv., vol. 3. Moscow, 1959. Pages 271-74, 291.
Kaegi, W. Jacob Burckhardt, vols. 1-2. Basel [1947-50].

S. S. AVERINTSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
The most important thing will be to distinguish accurately between what is shallow and unimportant in European tradition and what is lasting, valuable, and unique - what the historian Jacob Burckhardt called the freedom of spirit.
Esa imprecision tenia que ver, a su juicio, con que la categoria temporal de Edad Media y, sobre todo, la de Renacimiento, que funciona como su antinomia, no acaban de perfilarse plenamente hasta el siglo xix con historiadores como Jules Michelet y Jacob Burckhardt.
Although I found Algis Valiunas's essay on Jacob Burckhardt welcome and insightful ("A Historian's Craft," Spring 2016), his digression on Machiavelli was off the mark.
Similarly, John Docker and Ann Curthoys have examined the relationship of Jacob Burckhardt to other nineteenth-century historiographic traditions but do not pursue the fate of cultural historiography across its history in the way they do in relation to other historiographic trends.
Ainda segundo Megill, em Jacob Burckhardt, Friedrich Nietzsche, Georg Simmel, Benedetto Croce e Robin George Collingwood destaca-se a critica a grande narrativa.
Desde finales del siglo pasado, la obra del historiador suizo de la cultura y del arte Jacob Burckhardt (1818-1897) ha sido objeto de un renovado interes.
The great Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt gave praise to the ancient Greeks by commenting that "all subsequent objective perception of the world is only elaboration on the framework the Greeks began.
A quick glance through the A and B sections of the Index, for example, reveals references to Henry Adams, Aeschylus, Bagehot, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Kingsley Amis, Antisthenes the Cynic, Hannah Arendt, Gertrude Atherton, Letitia Baldridge, Balzac, Barres, Clive Bell, Hilaire Belloc, Aphra Ben, Saul Bellow, Ambrose Bierce, Louis de Bonald, William Buckley, Robert Bork, Bossuet, Ted Bundy, Jacob Burckhardt, Edmund Burke, and James Burnham.
518--"Laughter, says the classic, is a sunbeam of the soul": Quoted in Jacob Burckhardt, Renaissance Culture (1860)
La formula, como es sabido, suele personificarse en Jacob Burckhardt (1818-1897), y aparece asociada, ademas, a una concepcion del hombre, que incluye la idea de individualidad (y, segun interpretaciones del Renacimiento, el racionalismo o cierto espiritu pagano frente al espiritu medieval).
Sabes que me podria entretener hablando mucho mas de lo que en el dice, podrian transcurrir mis letritas sin reparo, acordarme de tu biblioteca y de Nietzsche, Malraux, Elie Faure, Jacob Burckhardt, me seria facil hablar de los murales que engrandecen la historia de mi Mexico, como esos de la Biblioteca Miguel Lerdo de Tejada, o escribir de tus "violencias fraternas", escribir de tu pulida tecnica veneciana, de tu mas reciente fascinacion: El Tatic (obispo de Chiapas Samuel Ruiz) y del miedo que dieron tus obras que fueron recluidas, porque aun a finales del siglo pasado tu aterrabas con tu arte, tu revolucion.