Jacobean style


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Jacobean style

(jăk'əbē`ən), an early phase of English Renaissance architecture and decoration. It formed a transition between the Elizabethan and the pure Renaissance style later introduced by Inigo JonesJones, Inigo
, 1573–1652, one of England's first great architects. Son of a London clothmaker, he was enabled to travel in Europe before 1603 to study paintings, perhaps at the expense of the earl of Rutland.
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. The reign of James I (1603–25), a disciple of the new scholarship, saw the first decisive adoption of Renaissance motifs in a free form communicated to England through German and Flemish carvers rather than directly from Italy. Although the general lines of Elizabethan design remained, there was a more consistent and unified application of formal design, both in plan and elevation. Much use was made of columns and pilasters, round-arch arcades, and flat roofs with openwork parapets. These and other classical elements appeared in a free and fanciful vernacular rather than with any true classical purity. With them were mixed the prismatic rustications and ornamental detail of scrolls, straps, and lozenges also characteristic of Elizabethan design. The style influenced furniture design and other decorative arts. Jacobean buildings of note are Hatfield House, Hertford; Knole House, Kent; and Holland HouseHolland House,
residence of the Holland family in Kensington, London, made famous in the first 40 years of the 19th cent. by the hospitality of Henry Fox, 3d Baron Holland, and his wife. Built in 1606, the mansion was bought in 1767 by Henry Fox, grandfather of the 3d baron.
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 by John Thorpe.

Bibliography

See M. Whiffen, An Introduction to Elizabethan and Jacobean Architecture (1952) and J. Summerson, Architecture in Britain, 1530–1830 (rev. ed. 1963).

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Jacobean style

An English architectural and decorative style (1600–1625) adapting the Elizabethan style to continental Renaissance influence, named after James I.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
He was employed in 1902 by George Herbert, the 4th Earl of Powis, who was keen to update Powis Castle whilst retaining its Jacobean style. He originally commissioned Bodley to renovate rooms around the entrance to the castle, and expanded the commission to take in both the interior and exterior of Powis.
Built in Jacobean style, it was funded by Sir Bernard Hall, a merchant and former Lord Mayor of Liverpool.
Jacobean style mansion of great elegance and charm, set in 12 acres of East Lothian.
Built in the 1860s for the Prescott family, who were London merchant bankers, it was designed by distinguished architect Henry Curzon in the Jacobean style, and constructed by Treasure and Sons of Shrewsbury.
It was built in Jacobean style and funded by Sir Bernard Hall, a city merchant and former Lord Mayor of Liverpool.
The building became an Episcopal grange for several centuries and was rebuilt in 1632 by Sir Henry Williams in the classic Jacobean style. His coat of arms can still be seen over the south porch.
Its retained features include "the Milton Hollins tiling, a great staircasehall with a large pictorial tiled hunting scene and the loosely Jacobean style, stone and red brick exterior, with shaped gables and a tall clock tower".
The building in Mill Street, Dingle, built in a Jacobean style, was central to the area's youth culture for 100 years, providing a venue for a variety of sports such as boxing, football and gymnastics and holding weekend dances.
At the heart of the room is an impressive Jacobean style ?replace with a heavily carved timber surround.
Built between 1618 and 1635 for Sir Thomas Holte, First Baronet and head of a prominent Warwickshire family, it was one of the last great houses to be built in the flamboyant Jacobean style.
Also in Surrey is Savill Court Hotel & Spa, a magnificent Jacobean style mansion set in 22 acres of wooded parkland on the edge of Windsor Great Park.