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The following article is from Conspiracies and Secret Societies. It is a summary of a conspiracy theory, not a statement of fact.
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After the fall of Robespierre in 1794, the Jacobin Club in Paris was closed, signaling the end to the Reign of Terror.


It has been suggested that far from being the patriotic fomenters of the French Revolution, the Jacobins were pawns of the Illuminati.

In the context of the French Revolution (1789–95), a Jacobin was a member of the Jacobin Club (1789–94), a patriotic group originally formed in Breton and reconstituted as the Society of Friends of the Constitution after the revolutionary National Assembly moved to Paris in 1789. The designation “Jacobin” for the Society of Friends came from their choice of meeting place, the monastery of the Jacobins, the Parisian name for the Dominican order.

In the beginning the Jacobins were generally moderate bourgeois who sought to limit the powers of the monarchy. As they inspired patriotic societies in most French cities, they became more radical, advocating republican ideals, separation of church and state, public education, and universal suffrage. In 1794 the Jacobins, under their leader Robespierre, instituted the Reign of Terror against counterrevolutionaries as well as former allies, such as the Cordeliers and the followers of Georges Danton. The execution of Robespierre on July 28, 1794, signaled the demise of the Jacobins’ power, however many times their spirit may have been invoked in later years. The label “Jacobin” is applied today to anyone with extreme liberal tendencies or who promotes radical or revolutionary opinions.

In volume 3 of his Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, Abbé Augustin Barruel accuses the Jacobins of being aligned with the Illuminati in fomenting the collapse of the monarchy in France. According to Barruel, the leaders of the Illuminist French Grand Orient oversaw the Jacobin clubs and were responsible for orchestrating all the major events of the French Revolution. The revolution, therefore, was not an exercise in democracy, but an illustration of the Illuminati’s success in subversive destruction of a nation.

Conspiracies and Secret Societies, Second Edition © 2013 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(By the way, if case you've forgotten your World History course, Jacobinism is "the ideology of the most radical element of the French Revolution that instituted the Reign of Terror.")
Perhaps, the Ottoman political elites were simply dazed by the "divine" power offered by the French Jacobinism and rigid centralization.
Forged in the radical democracy of the Jacobinism of the 1790s, then forced underground by repression, this continuity sustained itself as an "illegal tradition," conjoined to the emergent militancies of the new industrializing economy, before resurfacing in the new radicalisms of the 1810s and 1820s.
(6.) For an in-depth study of the new Jacobinism and how it relates to more traditional American political thought and culture, see Ryn, America the Virtuous.
Still, Edelstein's dazzling display of historical imagination and energy is certain to unsettle all conventional understandings of the origins and meaning of Jacobinism.
The Jacobinism and republican view of 'Islam Governance' is founded on a 'powerful interventionism' of the State and the public institutions in usual Islamic matters.
A strong section on 'Politics and the People' comprises John Barrell's effort to account for the strain of sentimental pastoral in plebeian radical periodicals aimed at an urban audience; Kevin Gilmartin's exploration of the alehouse as a site of'radical sociability' focusing anxieties over the spread of Jacobinism downwards and outwards from its heardand in the middleclass intelligentsia of the 1790s; and Ian Haywood's sprighdy re-reading of Shelley's 'Mask of Anarchy' with reference to prominent themes in popular caricature, shedding new light on the poem's bold representation of female political agency.
Consequently, he claims that "like the label 'terrorist' today, 'Jacobinism' was simply a label for all that conservatives found detestable" (pp.98-9), and that the goal of the conservatives "involved producing a deviant identity for British Jacobins" (p.107).
Although this is actually the very jacobinism Coleridge and Dworkin are at pains to prevent, there is inherent in the process of interpretation an act of romantic imagination which organic unity, law as integrity or legal economic theory anxiously seek to cover, a truth confronted in the work of Roberto Unger.
The 'paleoconservatives' regrouped around new journals such as The American Conservative, damning the theory and practice of the war on terror as a new Jacobinism, with all the hubristic folly of previous episodes.