Jacobite Church

Jacobite Church

Jacobite Church (jăkˈəbītˌ), officially Syrian Orthodox Church, Christian church of Syria, Iraq, and India, recognizing the Syrian Orthodox patriarch of Antioch as its spiritual head, regarded by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox as heretical. It was founded (6th cent.) as a Monophysite church in Syria by Jacob Baradaeus, greatly helped by Empress Theodora. It is thus analogous in position to the Coptic Church, the Monophysite church of Egypt (see Copts). For many centuries the Jacobites were under Muslim dominion. Most Jacobites live in Iraq, while their patriarch resides at Damascus. They resemble other Eastern Christians in custom; their rite is the Antiochene or West Syrian; the liturgical language is Syriac.

Since the 17th cent. there has been constant contact with Rome; as a result there is a community in communion with the pope having practices and rite in common with the Jacobites. These Syrian Catholics number about as many as the Jacobites; their head, another patriarch of Antioch, lives at Beirut. They have a separate church organization from the Melchites, Maronites, and Chaldaean Catholics, which are other communities of Syria and Iraq in communion with Rome.

In SW India there are Christian churches of Malabar Jacobites; this group came into existence in the 17th cent., when many Syrian Malabar Christians left the Roman communion and established relations with the Jacobite patriarch. They now use the Antiochene rite, with some differences. They are divided into disputing jurisdictional churches, including the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, which isindependent of the Jacobite patriarch, as well as several churches of Reformed or Independent Jacobites. In the 20th cent. a large number of Malabar Jacobites entered into communion with the pope, retaining their liturgy and practices. These Syro-Malankara Catholics are ecclesiastically separate from both the Syrian Catholics, whose rite they share, and from the Syro-Malabar Catholics (Chaldaean rite), who represent the Malabar Christians who did not leave the Roman communion when the Malabar Jacobites did.


See D. Attwater, The Christian Churches of the East (1947–48).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The tanners' mosque, originally built as a Jacobite church in the 15th-16th century, was later transformed into a small mosque.
IANS Thiruvananthapuram Breaking his silence, Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan said on Monday that the state government will do its best to end the ongoing row between the warring Orthodox and Jacobite church factions.
Jayarajan was set up on Tuesday to resolve the ongoing row between the Orthodox and Jacobite church factions.
"As per the NHRC order, we completed the burial of the Jacobite church member peacefully and successfully at Kattachira church.
It includes the Ethiopian Church, the Syrian Jacobite Church, the Syrian Church of India, and the Armenian Church.
KCEC is a joint council for six churches including Kerala Catholic Church, St Paul's Marthoma Perish, St Gregarious Knanaya Syrian Church, St Mary's Cathedral, Marthoma Perish Bahrain, Bahrain Malayalee CSI Parish and St Peter's Jacobite Church.
While the recusants were viewed as insufficiently English in their homeland despite their attempts to disentangle religious from political questions, they were considered as less than truly Catholic on the Continent by their Catholic brethren there, especially because of Jansenist and Enlightenment influences within the Jacobite church that resisted Ultramontanism and supported ecumenism.
MUSCAT: Mor Baselios Thomas I, Catholicose of Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, will arrive today in Muscat for a seven-day visit to lay the foundation stone of a new church building of St Mary's Jacobite Church on Wednesday in Ruwi.
Anne, the small Orthodox church, and the Jacobite church (also known as the "Tanner's Mosque" or "Tabakhane")--were inaccessible owing to their integration into a military base in 1974.
He was a theologian and teacher in the Syrian Jacobite church, and had to jettison some traditional doctrines to make his point.
In Section I, he presents a short biographical sketch of the life of Ibn 'Adi, who came from Takrit, one of the intellectual and spiritual centers of the Jacobite church. A professional scribe with a passion for logical and philosophical books, Ibn 'Adi was equally at ease translating Syriac works into Arabic.
While some people remained faithful to the Orthodox patriarchs of Antioch, who were in communion with Constantinople, large numbers seceded to form the Jacobite church, named after its first bishop, Jacob Baradeus, which had its own patriarch and worshipped in Syriac--the common speech at the time.