Jacopo Peri


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Peri, Jacopo

 

(nickname Il Zazzerino, “the long-haired”). Born Aug. 20, 1561, in Rome; died Aug. 12, 1633, in Florence. Italian singer and composer. One of opera’s founders.

Peri was a member of the Florentine Camerata. In 1592 he, together with J. Corsi, composed the music for the first opera, Dafne, for which the poet O. Rinuccini wrote the libretto. It was first performed in 1597–98 in Florence. None of the music composed by Peri has survived. His opera Euridice (1600) is the most brilliant of the extant early operas; Peri himself sang the part of Orpheus in the first performances.

REFERENCE

Rolland, R. Opera v XVII v. v Italii, Germanii, Anglii. Moscow, 1931. (Translated from French.)

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En poco mas de una decada de experimentaciones sonoras, el habla corriente, codificada en el flamante estilo monodico alcanzo, en manos de Monteverdi, la ansiada sintesis bosquejada por sus iniciadores (eran estos los cofrades de Bardi, entre los que destacaron Jacopo Peri, Ottavio Rinuccini, Giulio Caccini, Pietro Strozzi y Vincenzo Galilei, padre del astronomo).
Orpheus in the Marketplace: Jacopo Peri and the Economy of Late Renaissance Florence.
La historia de la opera inicio con Dafne (1598), del italiano Jacopo Peri.
Only a few fragments of the music, by Jacopo Peri and Jacopo Corsi, have been preserved.
These include works by Jacopo Peri, Marco da Gagliano, and Francesca Caccini, composers who exercised remarkable influence on the development of early seventeenth-century opera, a genre still at its inception.
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Among them were Jacopo Peri, Luca Marenzio (for only about a year), Cosimo Bottegari, Giovanni Battista Jacomelli, Antonio Archilei, Vittoria Archilei, Antonio Naldi (known as "Bardella," inventor of the chitarrone or theorbo), Giovanni and Jacopo del Franciosino, and Francesca Caccini.
The earliest operas, beginning in 1597 with Ottavio Rinuccini's Dafne, set to music by Jacopo Peri, were court entertainments, and as a commemoration the words were printed in a small book, or "libretto.
What may with some justification claim to be the first opera per se was Dafne, by Jacopo Peri, performed in Florence in 1598.
The first extant opera, by Jacopo Peri, was based on it, as were many others, including those by Monteverdi and Haydn; the most famous is Gluck 's Orpheus and Eurydice (1762).
El responsable del exito de la ambientacion sonora--tan responsable como pudieron haber sido en su conjunto los maestros pasteleros o los oradores--fue el compositor Jacopo Peri, con su Euridice.
The first three essays are devoted to the pioneering opera composer Jacopo Peri, while his contemporary, Giulio Caccini, is treated in a later chapter.