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(real surname, Tatti). Born July 2, 1486, in Florence; died Nov. 27, 1570, in Venice. Italian architect and sculptor of the High and Late Renaissance.
Sansovino studied in Florence under A. Sansovino. He worked in Rome from 1503 to 1510 and from 1518 to 1527. He worked in Florence from 1510 to 1518. Beginning in 1527 he worked in Venice and Padua, becoming chief architect of the Republic of Venice in 1529.
Sansovino’s major architectural works are in Venice. In 1534 he built the church of San Francesco della Vigna, which now has a facade built by A. Palladio in 1572. His other buildings in Venice include the Libreria Vecchia at St. Mark’s (1536–54), the Mint (begun in 1536), the Palazzo Cornero della Ca’ Grande (begun in 1532), and the Logetta in St. Mark Square (begun in 1537). These buildings are distinguished by rich, full contours, opulent sculptural molding and painted ornament, but Sansovino carefully subordinated all decoration to the principles of tectonics. Sansovino’s sculpture successfully combines striking chiaroscuro modeling with refined and expressive imagery. Examples include Bacchus (marble, 1518, National Museum, Florence), four statues on the facade of the Logetta in Venice (bronze, 1540–45), and the statue of the physician T. Rangone on the facade of the Church of San Giuliano in Venice (bronze, 1554).
REFERENCESWeihrauch, H. R. Studien zum bildnerrischen Werke des Jacopo Sansovino. Strasbourg, 1935.
Tafuri, M. Jacopo Sansovino e l’architettura dell’ 500 a Venezia. Padua, 1969.