Jacquard loom


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Jacquard loom

(history)
/zhah-kar'/ A mechanical loom, invented by Joseph-Marie Jacquard in 1801, which used the holes punched in pasteboard punch cards (which see) to control the weaving of patterns in fabric. It was the first machine to use punch cards, although it did no computation based on them.

http://history.rochester.edu/steam/hollerith/loom.htm.

Jacquard loom

An automated loom that transformed the 19th century textile industry and became the inspiration for future calculating and tabulating machines. Developed by the French silk-weaver, Joseph-Marie Jacquard (1752-1834), it used punch cards to control its operation.

Although punch cards were used in earlier looms and music boxes, Jacquard's loom was a vast improvement and allowed complex patterns to be created swiftly. The loom was inspiration to Charles Babbage and, later, to Herman Hollerith who developed the first commercial punch card equipment.


The Jacquard Loom
The binary principle embodied in the punched-card operation of the loom was inspiration for the data processing machines to come. (Image courtesy of The Computer History Museum, www.computerhistory.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
IL-LOOM-INATING: Story competition winner Mollie Dibb pictured with Touch FM's Brody Swain, panto dame Nanny Knot and Chris Kirby of The Herbert in front of the Jacquard loom which inspired her.
Examples are computer controlled dobby- and Jacquard looms, textile printers, embroidery- and knitting machines, to name just a few.
The Jacquard looms spread rapidly throughout France and eventually through Great Britain as well.
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MVC2.8 - Jacquard loom for labels with woven selvedges.
The First exhibit, a large 19th century Jacquard loom, was being installed last week.
He wanted a machine that could be directed to work by means of punched cards as in a Jacquard loom (see 1801), that could store partial answers in order to save them for additional operations to be performed upon them later, and that could print the results.
Such tools as the printing press, the Jacquard Loom and the camera have proved their usefulness and attained acceptance.
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Mrs Norman worked in the Foleshill textile trade as a jacquard loom weaver and was also a qualified violinist.
To produce these works, Tajima recorded audio at the offices and factories of a Jacquard loom card cutter, a textile designer, and a systems engineer at a data center.