Jacques Callot


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Callot, Jacques

 

Born in 1592 or 1593, in Nancy; died there Mar. 24, 1635. French engraver and graphic artist.

Beginning in 1608, Callot studied in Rome. In 1611 he began working in Florence, where he became a masterful etcher. In 1622 he returned to France. Callot’s etchings include large panoramic compositions (The Siege of Breda, 1627) and groups of small engravings (Capricci, 1617, 1623). In his work Callot reproduced reality with multiple images. He portrayed various, often bizarre, human types (the series The Beggars, 1622) and dramatically depicted contemporary events (the two series The Disasters of War, 1632-33). Callot also treated religious subjects (The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian, 1632-33), mythological subjects (primarily in his early work), and theatrical themes (the series Balli, 1622). He also is well known for his landscapes. Each of his plates (with sharp spatial jumps from the foreground to the background) depicts several episodes and crowds of active figures.

In Callot’s work the realism of keenly observed and sharply delineated details combines with grotesque expressiveness, which includes fantastic elements, to form a whole. Callot used the technique of graduated biting, which gave him particular precision of drawing, flexibility and clearness of line, richness of shadows in the foreground, and subtlety and softness of tonal transitions.

REFERENCES

Glikman, A. S. Zhak Kallo. Leningrad-Moscow, 1959.
Lieure, J. Jacques Callot, 5 vols. Paris, 1924-29.
Bechtel, E. de T. Jacques Callot. New York, 1955.

IU. K. ZOLOTOV

References in periodicals archive ?
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Image: Jacques Callot (1592-1635), Killing the Fatted Calf from Life of the Prodigal Son, 1635; etching on paper; 2 3/8 by 3 1/8 inches.
Rounding out the exhibition is the pairing of a group of etchings by Jacques Callot (c.1617), with woodcuts made after them by Edouard Eckman (1621).
Scenic designers Giacomo Torelli, Jacques Callot, Victor St.
Jacques Callot's (1592-1635) Misere de la guerre faict Par Iacques Callot.
"Quacks" includes works by such well-known artists as Jacques Callot, William Hogarth, Honore Daumier, Maxfield Parrish, and Jules Cheret, as well as some highly spirited pieces created by less familiar figures.
This exhibition of works from the New Orleans Museum of Art will feature more than 80 pieces never before shown in public in the South, including works by Francisco Goya, Jacques Callot, and Jacques-Louis David.
Encountering the engravings of Jacques Callot and Rembrandt, he later subtitled his text Fantaisies a la maniere de Rembrandt et de Callot after these two artists, whose theories of etching conformed to the new and more profound antithetical dynamic present in his writing.
In this, his second season as director, Deschamps opened the evening with a salute to Jacques Callot, a well-known seventeenth-century etcher from the city of Nancy, the Ballet de Lorraine's host city.
Low's interest in this complex subject is concentrated on the figure of 17th-century French artist, Jacques Callot. Looking closely at the detailed etchings of Callot's work on the catastrophic effects of the Thirty Years War, Low expands his field of vision to include an examination of his own work, of the role of the artist in wartime, and of the epistemological implications of representational images in Western culture.
But at the Norton Museum of Art, a new exhibition entitled "Innovations in Printmaking: The Works of Jacques Callot," takes us back to the 17th century and to one of the originators of modern-day print-making.