Jacques Cartier

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Jacques Cartier
BirthplaceSt. Malo, Brittany
French navigator and explorer
Known for First European to travel inland in North America. Claimed Canada for France.

Cartier, Jacques

(zhäk kärtyā`), 1491–1557, French navigator, first explorer of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and discoverer of the St. Lawrence River. He made three voyages to the region, the first two (1534, 1535–36) directly at the command of King Francis I and the third (1541–42) under the sieur de Roberval in a colonization scheme that failed. On the first voyage he entered by the Strait of Belle Isle, skirted its barren north coast for a distance and then coasted along the west shore of Newfoundland to Cape Anguille. From there he discovered the Magdalen Islands and Prince Edward Island and, sailing to the coast of New Brunswick, explored Chaleur Bay, continued around the Gaspé Peninsula, and landed at Gaspé to take possession for France. Continuing to Anticosti Island, he then returned to France. Hitherto the region had been considered cold and forbidding, interesting only because of the Labrador and Newfoundland fisheries, but Cartier's reports of a warmer, more fertile region in New Brunswick and on the Gaspé and of an inlet of unknown extent stimulated the king to dispatch him on a second expedition. On this voyage he ascended the St. Lawrence to the site of modern Quebec and, leaving some of his men to prepare winter quarters, continued to the native village of Hochelaga, on the site of the present-day city of Montreal, and there climbed Mt. Royal to survey the fertile valley and see the Lachine Rapids and Ottawa River. On his return he explored Cabot Strait, ascertaining Newfoundland to be an island. His Brief Récit et succincte narration (1545), a description of this voyage, was his only account to be published in France during his life. On his third trip he penetrated again to the Lachine Rapids and wintered in the same region, but gained little new geographical information. Roberval did not appear until Cartier was on his way home, and Cartier refused to join him. Although Cartier's discoveries were of major geographical importance and the claims of the French to the St. Lawrence valley were based on them, he failed in his primary object, the discovery of the Northwest Passage and natural resources. The region remained virtually untouched until the early 17th cent. The best edition of the voyages is H. P. Biggar, The Voyages of Jacques Cartier (1924).
References in periodicals archive ?
Pendant pres de quarante ans, l'Ordre de Jacques Cartier en mena large au Canada francais.
With such massive amounts of equipment, it's no wonder it takes eight days to set up the sites at Jacques Cartier Park and Major's Hill Park.
Against formidable odds, we still speak the language our ancestors spoke in 1534, when Jacques Cartier landed on the shores of the St.
When French explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in the region in 1534, it was the Mi'kmaq who initiated first contact by yelling from the shore and waving furs at the Europeans as an invitation to land.
Murray of Bastyr University, Seattle, the earliest recorded medicinal use of pine bark extracts was in 1534, when French explorer Jacques Cartier became trapped in ice during an expedition up the St.
The Iroquoian-speaking people who met Jacques Cartier in 1535 had disappeared by the time of Champlain's return voyage to the upper St.
Jacques Cartier directs the inaugural show, and he will go on to spearhead 21 productions in the company's first 10 seasons.
He has become one of the most outspoken advocates for a unique rural way of life that is hanging by a thread along this isolated rugged coast, which Jacques Cartier called "the land God gave to Cain.
The tapestry of love was reflected in the fidelity which Catholics in Canada displayed, a story of service and commitment which began with Jacques Cartier in 1534, which enabled the spread of the faith in succeeding years.
Some time later, Jutra jumped off the Jacques Cartier Bridge into the St.
Many of the old roses are too sprawling and large for modern gardens, but Jacques Cartier makes a tidy bush no more than three feet tall.
Number of hours of observation done in the Parc de la Jacques Cartier, Quebec, from August 15 to October 31, 1984.