Jacques Cartier

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Jacques Cartier
BirthplaceSt. Malo, Brittany
French navigator and explorer
Known for First European to travel inland in North America. Claimed Canada for France.

Cartier, Jacques

(zhäk kärtyā`), 1491–1557, French navigator, first explorer of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and discoverer of the St. Lawrence River. He made three voyages to the region, the first two (1534, 1535–36) directly at the command of King Francis I and the third (1541–42) under the sieur de Roberval in a colonization scheme that failed. On the first voyage he entered by the Strait of Belle Isle, skirted its barren north coast for a distance and then coasted along the west shore of Newfoundland to Cape Anguille. From there he discovered the Magdalen Islands and Prince Edward Island and, sailing to the coast of New Brunswick, explored Chaleur Bay, continued around the Gaspé Peninsula, and landed at Gaspé to take possession for France. Continuing to Anticosti Island, he then returned to France. Hitherto the region had been considered cold and forbidding, interesting only because of the Labrador and Newfoundland fisheries, but Cartier's reports of a warmer, more fertile region in New Brunswick and on the Gaspé and of an inlet of unknown extent stimulated the king to dispatch him on a second expedition. On this voyage he ascended the St. Lawrence to the site of modern Quebec and, leaving some of his men to prepare winter quarters, continued to the native village of Hochelaga, on the site of the present-day city of Montreal, and there climbed Mt. Royal to survey the fertile valley and see the Lachine Rapids and Ottawa River. On his return he explored Cabot Strait, ascertaining Newfoundland to be an island. His Brief Récit et succincte narration (1545), a description of this voyage, was his only account to be published in France during his life. On his third trip he penetrated again to the Lachine Rapids and wintered in the same region, but gained little new geographical information. Roberval did not appear until Cartier was on his way home, and Cartier refused to join him. Although Cartier's discoveries were of major geographical importance and the claims of the French to the St. Lawrence valley were based on them, he failed in his primary object, the discovery of the Northwest Passage and natural resources. The region remained virtually untouched until the early 17th cent. The best edition of the voyages is H. P. Biggar, The Voyages of Jacques Cartier (1924).
References in periodicals archive ?
Address : 247 Avenue Jacques Cartier 83090 Toulon cedex 9
Head to Jacques Cartier Bridge for a view you'll never forget
He considers the 16th-century world and Cartier, forgetting and remembering, the invention of a hero, Cartiermania, common sense, the many meanings of Jacques Cartier, decline and dispersal, and failure and forgetting.
Pendant pres de quarante ans, l'Ordre de Jacques Cartier en mena large au Canada francais.
Canada Day events are scheduled on both sides of the Ottawa River on four main sites: Parliament Hill, Major's Hill Park, and Confederation Park in Ottawa and Jacques Cartier Park in Gatineau, on the Quebec side of the region.
Lyon has developed a programme of international policy exchange, the Entretiens Jacques Cartier, through its bilateral relationship with Montreal.
Quant a la celebration de la Reunion des ancient de 1935, elle se caracterise par un manque de focalisation, mais la decentralisation de son organisation a donne l'occasion aux Canadiens francais de North Bay et de la region de participer a l'evenement davantage qu 'ils ne l'avaient fait en 1925 et de commemorer le 400e anniversaire de l'arrivee de Jacques Cartier au Canada.
ABSTRACT In 1993, sea scallop, Placopecten magellanicus, populations from the Jacques Cartier Bay on the North Shore of the Gulf of St-Lawrence of Canada, experienced masse mortality episodes with mortality rates reaching 80%.
The next 76 pages are a genealogical short course from Jacques Cartier searching for the Northwest Passage to Asia in 1534 to J.
The book actually spans more than 400 years going back to the discover of New France by Jacques Cartier in 1534.
The St Lawrence was named by the French explorer Jacques Cartier who, on a voyage to the New World in 1535, landed on August 10 - the Feast of St Lawrence.
In France, she participated in the acquisition and restoration of the Jacques Cartier manor house in St-Malo, converted into a museum depicting the life and times of this illustrious navigator.