Jacques Lacan

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Lacan, Jacques

(zhäk läkäN`), 1901–81, French psychoanalyst. After receiving a medical degree, he became a psychoanalyst in Paris. Lacan was infamous for his unorthodox methods of treatment, such as the truncated therapy session, which often lasted only several minutes. A staunch critic of modern (particularly American) revisions of psychoanalytic theory, Lacan supported the traditional model of psychoanalysispsychoanalysis,
name given by Sigmund Freud to a system of interpretation and therapeutic treatment of psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis began after Freud studied (1885–86) with the French neurologist J. M.
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 espoused by Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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. He argued that contemporary psychoanalytic theories had strayed too far from their roots in Freudian psychoanalysis, which held that there was constant conflict between the ego and the unconsciousunconscious,
in psychology, that aspect of mental life that is separate from immediate consciousness and is not subject to recall at will. Sigmund Freud regarded the unconscious as a submerged but vast portion of the mind.
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 mind. Lacan argued that this conflict could not be resolved—the ego could not be "healed"—and pointed out that the true intention of psychoanalysis was analysis and not cure. His collection of papers, Ecrits (1966, tr. 1977), though notoriously difficult reading, has been influential in linguistics, film theory, and literary criticism.


See C. Clement, The Lives and Legends of Jacques Lacan (tr. 1983); D. Macey, Lacan in Contexts (1988); biography by E. Roudinesco (1993, tr. 1997).

References in periodicals archive ?
Lacan, Jacques (1975a): Le sAaAaAeA@minaire de Jacques Lacan.
Resulta interesante notar que, para Jacques Lacan, a pesar de alegar fidelidad a Freud, lo clinico y lo social tienden a fusionarse debido al concepto del sujeto humano o Yo de Lacan.
44) Jacques Lacan, The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis, London, The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1977b [1964]), p.
The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis, The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book XI.
The final chapter shifts away from chronolibidinal aesthetics and turns attention to Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan and Jacques Derrida.
French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan, one of Freud's most ardent and creative disciples, believed, like Freud, that wordsnot just their meanings but their very soundsheld the key to deep psychoanalytic structures.
Mas alla de Frazer, mas aca de Wittgenstein, Totem y tabu, en efecto, cabria ser leido bajo esta luz como un acto de incomparable audacia intelectual y de arrojo critico que pondria al discurso psicoanalitico en el eje de una indagacion filosofica mas amplia y ambiciosa en el horizonte de la cual se inscribiria, desde luego y en primer lugar, el pensamiento de Jacques Lacan.
1-2, (1991): 59-85, and The Lacanian Subject: Between Language and jouissance (Princeton: University Press, 1995), and Jonathan Scott Lee Jacques Lacan (Boston: Twayne Publishing, 1990).
1999, Encore: on feminine sexuality, the limits of love and knowledge, 1972-1973 (The seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book XX), ed.
Being aligned with a roughly post-modern position which includes such critical discourses as deconstruction, psychoanalysis, and post-structuralism, with Jacques Derrida, Paul de Man, Julia Kristeva, Sigmund Freud, and Jacques Lacan as major points of reference, these critics understand that subjectivity is an effect of representational construction--of writing, for example--and that it is consequently limited by the mechanism of language itself.
London and New York: Tavistock and Routledge, 1992 (The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book VII, 1959-1960).
Para Jacques Lacan, el estadio del espejo es la identificacion que construye nuestra personalidad: "la transformacion producida en el sujeto cuando asume una imagen".