Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne

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Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne

(zhäk bānē`nyə bôsüā`), 1627–1704, French prelate, one of the greatest orators in French history. At an early age he was made a canon at Metz; he became bishop of Condom and was (1670–81) tutor to the dauphin (father of Louis XV), for whom he wrote his great Discourse on Universal History (1681, tr. 1778, 1821), Politics Derived from Holy Writ (1709), and Treatise of the Knowledge of God and One's Self (1722). In 1681 he became bishop of Meaux. Unrivaled for his eloquence, he is celebrated for his Funeral Orations (1689), particularly those on Henrietta of England, on her daughter, and on Condé, which are masterpieces of their kind. He was also a great moralist, a magnificent stylist, and a powerful controversialist, brilliantly attacking Fénelon and the quietists, the Jesuits, and the Protestants.


See biography by E. E. Reynolds (1963); studies by A. Rabelliau (5th ed. 1900) and M. C. Gotaas (1953, repr. 1970).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne


Born Sept. 27, 1627, in Dijon; died Apr. 12, 1704, in Paris. French writer, church leader, and bishop.

In his works on historical and political topics (Discourse on Universal History, 1681, and Politics Derived From Holy Writ, published in 1709), Bossuet considered historical development as the embodiment of divine providence and defended the idea of the divine origin of a monarch’s absolute power. He made a distinction between despotism and absolutism as a form of rule subordinate to the principle of reason, and he spoke about a monarch’s obligations. He was an ideologist of Gallicanism (Declaration of the French Clergy, 1682). Bossuet’s historical works were subjected to criticism by the Enlightenment thinkers of the 18th century (C. L. Montesquieu and Voltaire). His church sermons and Funeral Orations (1669) have been preserved mostly in rough drafts and summaries. Bossuet’s works are characterized by a rationalistic severity of style and a precision of metaphors.


Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1–31. Paris, 1862–66.


Lanson, G. Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1 (17th century). St. Petersburg, 1899. (Translated from French.)
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 459–61.
Brunetière, F. Bossuet. Paris, 1913.
Ruf, A. H. Bossuet und Fenelon. Würzburg-Aumühle, 1940.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet's Discours sur l'histoire universelle placed a heavy emphasis on Europe's monarchical tradition from the reign of Charlemagne in 800 through the year 1700.
(8.) Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, Discours sur l'histoire universelle [A Discourse on Universal History] (Amsterdam: Roger, 1704).
Chapter 3 examines Richelieu and his coteries who expounded the French version of raison d'etat, while chapter 4 studies Louis XIV and Jacques-Benigne Bossuet. In the final fifth chapter Engsrer offers his account of the contemporary developments of the theories of stare in England.
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet (1627-1704), bishop of Meaux, called the universal tolerance "cette theologie de l'impiete des socinens." Oeurvres Completes de Boussuet, ed.
Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet (Geoffrey Bateman) and Father Pascal (James Joint) urge Louis to end his affair.
In the 1680s James developed a serious interest in the writings of the Jesuit-educated Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, Bishop of Meaux, charismatic preacher and perhaps the most influential Gallican theologian of his generation.
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet (1627-1704), bishop of Meaux from 1681, was one of the leading prelates of the Church of France in the 17th century.
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