Representations of Jael
in early modern painting are quite common, and the subject possessed a well-established narrative formula by the time de Bray turned his attention to it.
The suspense builds as more victims are found, and Jael
is forced to question the innocence of even her closest friends.
Special attention is given to specific rivers, and the question David Haberman asks of the Yamuna, how does the severity of contemporary environmental degradation affect traditional religious culture, could be asked by the three authors focusing on the Narmada: Chris Deegan, who notes the problems for pilgrims to river sites raised by the dam systems, William Fisher, who carefully diagrams the multiple stakeholders in the Narmada controversy--from local residents, to pan-Indian activists, to developers and planners--and Pratyusha Basu and Jael
Silliman who describe what will happen to many aspects of local women's culture if the Narmada river system is not protected.
In all, our testing included 137 Medicare beneficiaries in six metropolitan areas (Baltimore, Boston, Houston, Los Angeles, Phoenix, and Tampa) between December 1998 and November 2000 (Jael
et al., 2000; Hargraves, Smith, and Stern, 1999; Harris-Kojetin et al., 1999a, b; Harris-Kojetin, Jael
, and Hampton, 1999).
He illustrates this pronouncement with another of Miriam's sketches, that of Salome receiving the head of John the Baptist, undermining the heroic, patriotic actions of Jael
and Judith through an allusion to the New Testament's dancing temptress.
The final aspect is Jael
. She is militant; in her society, men and women are at war because the society is bound so tightly to the traditional utopian impulse against contamination.
Silliman and Ynstra King, eds., Dangerous Intersections: Feminist Perspectives on Population, Environment and Development.
Among them are Deborah, a military commander; Jael
, her cohort, that "most blessed of women," who kills the Canaanite commander, Sisera, by driving a tent peg through his temple; the woman of Thebez who kills the royal pretender Abimelech by dropping a stone on his head from the tower where he has imprisoned her; and Delilah, Samson's mistress who robs him of his strength by cutting his hair.
Other tales reproduced in Leyden's woodcut series were taken from the Old Testament and further demonstrated the cunning of biblical women: Eve, Delilah, Jezebel, Salome and Jael
all duped men either for sexual, patriotic or simply cunning reasons.
Finally (and this is a small thing indeed) Jael