Jaffa


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Jaffa

(jăf`ə, yä`fä), Heb. Yafo, part of Tel AvivTel Aviv
, city (1994 pop. 355,200), W central Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Oficially named Tel Aviv–Jaffa, it is Israel's commercial, financial, communications, and cultural center and the core of its largest metropolitan area.
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, W central Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Originally a Phoenician city, Jaffa has been historically important largely because of its port (which was closed in 1965, when the port of Ashdod was completed). It was captured by Egypt in 1472 B.C. and made a provincial capital. In 701 B.C. the city was besieged by Sennacherib, king of Assyria. It was often held by Philistia, and not until after the Captivity in Babylon (6th cent. B.C.) did it become Hebrew territory. Alexander the Great took Jaffa in the late 4th cent. B.C. The city changed hands frequently in the fighting between the Maccabees and the Syrians (2d and 1st cent. B.C.) and was destroyed by Vespasian in A.D. 68. The rebuilt city of Jaffa was conquered by the Arabs in 636. The Crusaders took it in 1126, Saladin recaptured it in 1187, and Richard I retook the city in 1191. In 1196 the Arabs again captured Jaffa, and in the 16th cent. the city, then in decline, was annexed by the Ottoman Empire. In the late 17th cent. Jaffa began to develop again as a seaport. It was captured by Napoleon in 1799. In World War I British troops took Jaffa, which became part of the British-administered PalestinePalestine
, historic region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, at various times comprising parts of modern Israel, the West Bank and Gaza (recognized internationally by nations as independent Palestine), Jordan, and Egypt; also known as the Holy Land.
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 mandate (1922–48). In 1947 and 1948 there was sharp fighting between Jaffa, which was largely inhabited by Arabs, and the adjoining Jewish city of Tel Aviv. On the day (May 14, 1948) that the state of Israel was proclaimed, the Arabs in Jaffa surrendered and were joined with Jews in a religiously mixed city. Jaffa has an old fishing harbor, modern boat docks, and a tourism center. The city is noted for its export of oranges. The usual Bible spelling is Joppa.

Jaffa

 

a part of Tel Aviv since 1949. Jaffa is first mentioned in ancient Egyptian documents dating from the 16th century B.C. In antiquity, the area was controlled, at different times, by the Canaanites, Philistines, Hebrews, and Romans. In the Middle Ages the city of Jaffa was an important commercial and cultural center for the Palestinian Arabs. It was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century to 1917, when it was seized by the British. Jaffa subsequently became part of the British mandate in Palestine. Under a resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on Nov. 29, 1947, Jaffa was supposed to become part of an Arab Palestinian state, but it was captured by Israel during the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49.

Jaffa

1. a port in W Israel, on the Mediterranean: incorporated into Tel Aviv in 1950; an old Canaanite city
2. a large variety of orange, having a thick skin
References in periodicals archive ?
There's no word on the expiry date of the Jaffa Cake Megaboxes discovered in the Glasgow Tesco's, but being a biscuit, they'll still taste just as good for some time after.
By stacking up 40 Jaffa Cakes alongside the new Christmas packaging, it appears a significant proportion of the cracker's length is made up of packaging.
By stacking up 40 Jaffa Cakes alongside the new Christmas packaging, a larger proportion of the cracker's length is made up of packaging.
Jaffa experienced a major violent disruption in 1936 when large sections (amounting to 220-240 buildings) of the Old City of Jaffa were blown up by the British military, ostensibly for "town-planning purposes", but really as a punitive measure against the Palestinian rebellion.
Who is the boss - and that is that The ladies adore this feisty cat Even grumpy gentlemen give him a pat That's Jaffa the orange moggie.
We've had a little look at what other supermarkets are currently selling Jaffa Cakes for, and this Tesco deal is the best available.
"There is no change in the size, shape or weight of individual cakes in the McVitie's Jaffa Cake range."
Harry Jaffa and Walter Berns, two preeminent scholars of American constitutionalism and political thought, had much in common.
In those days, Derech Ben Tsvi was known simply as "the Jerusalem Road," and it served the needs of the legions of merchants and pilgrims traveling from the Jaffa port to the holy city of Jerusalem.
The mosque area of Jaffa is not such a pleasant area for children."
Its oldest neighbourhood, Jaffa, situated upon a headland along the southern portion of the city's coast, dates back many thousands of years.
It speaks to both the cries for help, and the words of comfort that OHEL provides, and the new walls of the Jaffa Family Campus that will enable OHEL to meet the ever increasing diverse needs in the community.