Jaffa


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Jaffa

(jăf`ə, yä`fä), Heb. Yafo, part of Tel AvivTel Aviv
, city (1994 pop. 355,200), W central Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Oficially named Tel Aviv–Jaffa, it is Israel's commercial, financial, communications, and cultural center and the core of its largest metropolitan area.
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, W central Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Originally a Phoenician city, Jaffa has been historically important largely because of its port (which was closed in 1965, when the port of Ashdod was completed). It was captured by Egypt in 1472 B.C. and made a provincial capital. In 701 B.C. the city was besieged by Sennacherib, king of Assyria. It was often held by Philistia, and not until after the Captivity in Babylon (6th cent. B.C.) did it become Hebrew territory. Alexander the Great took Jaffa in the late 4th cent. B.C. The city changed hands frequently in the fighting between the Maccabees and the Syrians (2d and 1st cent. B.C.) and was destroyed by Vespasian in A.D. 68. The rebuilt city of Jaffa was conquered by the Arabs in 636. The Crusaders took it in 1126, Saladin recaptured it in 1187, and Richard I retook the city in 1191. In 1196 the Arabs again captured Jaffa, and in the 16th cent. the city, then in decline, was annexed by the Ottoman Empire. In the late 17th cent. Jaffa began to develop again as a seaport. It was captured by Napoleon in 1799. In World War I British troops took Jaffa, which became part of the British-administered PalestinePalestine
, historic region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, at various times comprising parts of modern Israel, the West Bank and Gaza (recognized internationally by nations as independent Palestine), Jordan, and Egypt; also known as the Holy Land.
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 mandate (1922–48). In 1947 and 1948 there was sharp fighting between Jaffa, which was largely inhabited by Arabs, and the adjoining Jewish city of Tel Aviv. On the day (May 14, 1948) that the state of Israel was proclaimed, the Arabs in Jaffa surrendered and were joined with Jews in a religiously mixed city. Jaffa has an old fishing harbor, modern boat docks, and a tourism center. The city is noted for its export of oranges. The usual Bible spelling is Joppa.

Jaffa

 

a part of Tel Aviv since 1949. Jaffa is first mentioned in ancient Egyptian documents dating from the 16th century B.C. In antiquity, the area was controlled, at different times, by the Canaanites, Philistines, Hebrews, and Romans. In the Middle Ages the city of Jaffa was an important commercial and cultural center for the Palestinian Arabs. It was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century to 1917, when it was seized by the British. Jaffa subsequently became part of the British mandate in Palestine. Under a resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on Nov. 29, 1947, Jaffa was supposed to become part of an Arab Palestinian state, but it was captured by Israel during the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49.

Jaffa

1. a port in W Israel, on the Mediterranean: incorporated into Tel Aviv in 1950; an old Canaanite city
2. a large variety of orange, having a thick skin
References in periodicals archive ?
The Big One combines three layers of fluffy, light Jaffa Cake sponge with zingy orangey filling, all covered with a thick layer of sensational dark crackly chocolate.
The section of the project website titled "The Legendry of Jaffa" is claimed to recount the Greek legend of Andromeda and billed as "a symbol of awakening and renewal and the rebirth of old Jaffa.
He sparked a cord in all of us by somehow prearranging his right to return, even in death to be buried with his father in Jaffa.
It is thought DJ Jaffa may have broken the British record for the longest continuous DJ marathon.
The growth of the city's population,(5) together with the rise in the volume of human traffic entering or passing through the city only increased the problem of lack of medical facilities in Jaffa.
I am confident that by sitting together, thinking together and working together we keep Jaffa the home for everyone.
Here in Jaffa, we are creating a fusion of New York's dynamism and its never-ending energy with that of Tel Aviv, which is similarly known as 'the city that never sleeps'.
Although the charge was not put to Morris at Warwick Crown Court, his solicitor David Jaffa said: "We are proceeding on the basis that a not guilty plea has been indicated.
Jack Jaffa & Associates, New York City's largest property violation removal firm, is adding cost segregation to its list of services.
TEL AVIV, November 21, 2011 (WAFA) -- A Jewish radical Monday broke into Hasan Beik mosque in the city of Jaffa, near Tel Aviv, with an intention to perform Jewish prayer in the Muslim mosque, said local official.
It set me thinking of all the other biscuits I could try a homemade version of, and a customer at the caf mentioned that Jaffa Cakes would be nice.