Jaffna


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Jaffna

(jăf`nə), peninsula, northernmost part of Sri Lanka, separated from India by Palk Strait. The peninsula is densely inhabited, largely by Tamil-speaking people. Jaffna suffered under the Portuguese and Dutch occupations of the 17th–18th cent. Tobacco, rice, coconuts, palmyra palm, and vegetables are grown; fishing is an important occupation. The main industries are salt, cement, chemical, and tobacco production. The city of Jaffna (1995 est. pop. 135,000), on the southwestern portion of the peninsula, on Jaffna Lagoon, is a regional trade center with a small port. The Univ. of Jaffna is there. The city includes Nallur, capital of the independent Tamil kingdom conquered by the Portuguese in 1617.

The center of an independent kingdom from the 13th to the 15th cent., Jaffna was occupied by the Portuguese (1617–1658) and the Dutch (1658–1795) until the British conquest. Since the 1980s it has been the center of violent Tamil resistance against Sinhalese dominance in Sri Lanka. Guerrilla groups, particularly the Liberation Tigers, which has controlled portions of the peninsula at various times since 1986, have tried to transform the peninsula and E Sri Lanka into an independent nation called Tamil Eelam. Indian troops occupied the peninsula from 1988 to 1990 in an attempt to help quell the rebellion. In 2009 Sri Lanka forces again reopened a land route along the peninsula to the city of Jaffna. The Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami caused destruction and loss of life on peninsula.

Jaffna

 

a seaport in Sri Lanka, located on the Jaffna Peninsula. Administrative center of the Northern Province. Population, 100,000 (1970). It is the second largest city in the country. Jaffna is the terminus for a railroad line and a commercial center. It is an important link with India and Burma. Agricultural raw materials are processed here.


Jaffna

 

a peninsula in northern Sri Lanka. It is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Mannar of the Indian Ocean and the Palk Strait. Jaffna is approximately 70 km long and 15-20 km wide, with winding lagoons; it is composed primarily of limestone. Intensive agriculture, fishing, and pearl diving are practiced there.

Jaffna

a port in N Sri Lanka: for many centuries the capital of a Tamil kingdom. Pop.: 149 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Wigneswaran launched the awareness campaign today from the Nallur Hindu Temple in Jaffna. Speaking to reporters, Wigneswaran said that theEluga Thamil (Rise up Tamils) rally will be staged in Jaffna on September 16.
While attending the opening of the first phase of Miliddy Fisheries Port in Jaffna on Thursday the Prime Minister said that the northern areas which were affected by the war, would be redeveloped.
Embassy is supporting the preservation of these important artifacts, which tell the story of the Sri Lankan people." When preservation is complete, the objects will be on display at the University of Jaffna's museum.
The express train's run that once bridged Colombo and the northern city of Jaffna was disrupted by the devastating ethnic civil war with the Tamil Tigers in 1990.
Jaffna [Sri Lanka], July 24 ( ANI ): The Sri Lankan Navy on Tuesday apprehended seven Indian fishermen near the shore of the northern Sri Lankan city of Jaffna.
The first initiative by a development partner was aimed to support Jaffna's post-conflict development on safe drinking water supply to Jaffna and nearby towns.
The government of India will build the Cultural Center at Jaffna at an estimated cost of Rs.
The High Commissioner also met the President of Jaffna Chamber of Commerce & Industry Mr R.
Many villagers still do not know when they will be able to return home to rebuild their lives, Bishop Thomas Savundranayagam of Jaffna said.
Life insurance leader Ceylinco Life has opened two new branches in Jaffna and announced plans to open five more in the near future to service the long term insurance needs of the people of the peninsula.
oWe are taking the fight for our rightful Tamil homeland to Toronto, London and Australia,o said one former LTTE fighter now back working and living in Jaffna.