Jagiellonian Dynasty

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jagiellonian Dynasty


(also Jagellonian dynasty), a dynasty that ruled Poland from 1386 to 1572, Lithuania (with brief interruptions) from 1377 to 1572, Bohemia from 1471 to 1526, and Hungary from 1440 to 1444 and from 1490 to 1526. In Poland the members of the dynasty held the title of king; in Lithuania they were grand dukes.

The founder of the Jagiellonian dynasty was Jagiello, or Jogaila. Wladyslaw III Warneńczyk was king of Poland from 1434 to 1444 and, as Ulászló I, king of Hungary from 1440 to 1444. Casimir was grand duke of Lithuania from 1440 to 1492; as Casimir IV Jagiellończyk he was king of Poland from 1447 to 1492. His son Wladyslaw, as Vladislav II, was king of Bohemia from 1471 to 1516 and, as Ulászló II, was king of Hungary from 1490 to 1516. Louis II was king of Hungary and Bohemia from 1516 to 1526; with his death in the battle of Mohács in 1526, the Hungarian-Bohemian dynastic line expired.

John I Albert ruled as king of Poland from 1492 to 1501. Alexander Kazimirovich was grand duke of Lithuania from 1492 to 1506 and king of Poland from 1501 to 1506; with his election to the Polish throne, the Polish-Lithuanian union was restored. Sigismund I the Old was king of Poland and grand duke of Lithuania from 1506 to 1548, and Sigismund II Augustus was king of Poland and grand duke of Lithuania from 1548 to 1572.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Around the year 1500 the Jagiellonian dynasty also reigned over Bohemia and Hungary, thereby projecting its power all the way to the Adriatic Sea and the Danube River.
During his presentation, historical evidence will be presented indicating that the man credited with discovering America was not the son of a humble weaver from Genoa, Italy, but rather a nobleman born in Portuguese Madeira and a Prince, fathered by exiled Polish King Wladislaw III, a member of the Lithuanian Jagiellonian Dynasty.
It comprises three parts: the first relates to the Jagiellonian dynasty and the first two elected foreign kings (1386-1586); the second, to the Waza dynasty and two elected "native" kings (1587-1697); and the third, to the four elected foreign and "native" rulers, reigning chiefly in the eighteenth century (1697-1795).
"Mamma Mia!" exclaimed New York Daily News Staff Writers Corky Siemaszko and Christine Boyle, "New research suggests the man credited with discovering America was actually the son of exiled Polish King (from the Lithuanian Jagiellonian dynasty) Vladislau III - and not the son of a humble craftsman from Genoa...